Marine scientists have discovered a shipwreck of the US Revenue Cutter Bear. This is a ship that has been used at sea for at least 88 years and was involved in the famous capture of Nazi craft ships.
Bears have a history. He began working as a commercial sealer in 1874. The ship was then able to navigate ice-filled waters and was purchased by the government in the 1880s for use in rescue operations in the Arctic Circle. again, Spanish flu pandemic 1918-1919, Water Museum, Hollywood movie set, Admiral Richard Byrd’s expedition ship Antarctic expedition.
He also patrols the Arctic Ocean for the U.S. Navy in both World Wars, and in 1941 captured the Norwegian trawler Buskø, which was used by the German military intelligence Abwehr to report weather conditions in the North Atlantic. Helped to do.
Related: Photo: Explore World War II shipwrecks in virtual reality
The bear was abolished in 1944 and detained at the pier in Halifax, Nova Scotia. After the 1963 storm, it finally sank while being towed by Philadelphia, somewhere south of Nova Scotia and east of Boston.
Bradbar, mission coordinator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Maritime Heritage Program, said: Has led the search for shipwrecks for several years.
In the late 1970s, a group began looking for bears. This included Harold Eusington of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He invented the side scan sonar, a technique widely used today to detect and image objects on the ocean floor.
The group tested a new sidescan technique in 1979, but found no shipwrecks. Probably because the towed vessel misreported the location of the sinking.
The secret Navy submersible — the nuclear power NR-1 — conducted a second survey in 2007, which also failed. Finally, the US Coast Guard and NOAA have collaborated with other partners to launch another investigation in 2019.
After sonar mapping 62 square miles (160 square kilometers) of the ocean floor, they identified two underwater objects in the search area.
In September, they returned to a Coast Guard vessel equipped with a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) and took an underwater video, confirming that the largest object was the remains of a bear, Barr said.
The shipwreck is currently located in the Canadian waters about 90 nautical miles (167 km) south of Cape Sable, Nova Scotia, at a depth of about 200 feet (60 meters). The exact location is kept secret to prevent technical divers from trying to get there, Barr said. Search partners are discussing with the Government of Canada how to protect the wreckage.
The dilapidated wooden hull is severely damaged by the nets of trawlers and strong tides on the seabed. However, researchers have identified some characteristic features of bears, including “bow staples” that have strengthened the hull to allow the ship to handle heavy ice in the polar seas, Barr said.
Steamship to diesel
The bear was equipped with three sailing masts, but was built in the 1870s as a steamship that acted as a sealer. In the 1930s, the steam engine was replaced by a diesel engine as the boiler was removed and refitted for Antarctic service with Bird.
As a result, some metal piles can be found in the remaining wood of the wreckage, including sailing technology, Barr said.
Related: Photo: Arctic shipwreck solves a 170-year-old mystery
“There is a pile of metal rubble with dead eyes [a fixed wooden pulley] “These dead eyes have been around since the 1700s, but have been used by bears to attach standing rigs,” he said.
Among the bear’s most famous achievements was part of the 1884 rescue fleet for the Greeley expedition to the Arctic Circle, which was lost near northwest of Ellesmere Island in 1881. Greenland.. Some members of the expedition died of starvation and illness before the bear rescued Greeley and other survivors.
After many years as a government revenue cutter in the Arctic Ocean, bears were transferred to the Navy after intercepting and inspecting vessels at sea and rescuing commercial vessels often trapped in ice. He patrolled the area around Alaska during World War I and delivered supplies to Alaska during the Spanish flu pandemic.
In 1929, the abandoned ship was handed over to Oakland, California, where it became the Water Museum and the movie set for the 1930 movie The Sea Wolf, adapted from Jack London’s novel.
The bear was reappointed during World War II for an Arctic patrol and helped capture Busco. However, most were subsequently detained in Halifax until they sank on their last voyage to Philadelphia in 1963. In Philadelphia, it was destined to become a floating restaurant.
“These are incredibly compelling stories,” Barr said. “When you read the details of what the bear did, the number of lives it saved, and the number of incredible missions it performed, it’s really the kind of history people need to know.”
To commemorate that discovery, Bar has put together years of historical research. Posts on several websites Let’s take a closer look at many of the bear’s abuses. “One of the reasons we wanted to find it is because we can tell all these stories,” he said.
Originally published in Live Science.
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