Birth of Jesus Christ Is commemorated by millions of people around the world at the Christmas celebration on December 25th. But most scholars agree that he was not born that day, or even in the first year of the Christian era.
Why is Jesus’ birthday celebrated on December 25th?
Researchers said that the Roman Catholic Church chose December 25th. winter solstice Saturnalia Festival, a festival dedicated to Saturn in Roman mythology. According to the book of scholar Ignacio L. Getz, the church can also adopt this popular pagan festival and winter celebrations of other pagan religions by choosing this day to celebrate Jesus’ birthday. increase.Jewish Jesus: Reality, Politics, Myths-Personal Encounters(Christian Faith Publishing, 2019).
But no one knows exactly when Jesus was born.
Death of King Herod
Some scholars believe he was born between 6 BC and 4 BC. Herod the Great.. In an attempt to kill Jesus, the king allegedly ordered the death of all boys under the age of two who lived near Bethlehem. This is an event known as the massacre of the infant. This happened shortly before Herod’s own death, the date is still controversial. However, most scholars, including Peter Richardson and Amy Marie Fisher, said:Herod: Jewish King and Roman Friends: Second Edition“(Routledge, 2018), follow the date used by Roman historians who believed Herod died in 4 BC
However, historians disagree about Herod’s actual year of death, and many argue that mass infanticide is only a legend. In his book “Zealot: The Life and Age of Jesus of Nazareth“(Random House, 2013), Bible scholar and writer Reza Aslan said that the slaughter of Herode was” a fragment of evidence supporting the chronicles and history of the time, whether Jewish, Christian or Roman. It is an event that does not happen. “
Star of Bethlehem
Other scholars said,Star of Bethlehem, “This probably heralds the birth of Jesus and is an actual astronomical event that accurately indicates the year of his birth.For example, in the 1991 article Royal Astronomical Society Quarterly Magazine, Astronomer Colin Humphreys suggested that the legendary star is actually a slow-moving comet. This was recorded by a Chinese observer in 5 BC. However, Humphreys’ theory became clear afterwards.
The month of Jesus’ birth is also controversial, and there is a theory suggesting that the Star of Bethlehem may have combined Venus and Jupiter to form a bright light in the sky. This is a rare event that occurred in June 2 BC. Another possibility is a similar bond between Saturn and Jupiter that occurred in October 7 BC.
There was speculation that Jesus was a spring baby. Getz suggests that Jesus may have been born “at the end of this spring, as pregnancy began in the fall after the harvest began and there was enough money for the wedding feast.”
When was Jesus born? Apparently it’s not December 25th.
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