Binge eating disorder is part of a range of mental illnesses known as eating disorders.is grouped with anorexia nervosabulimia, avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) and other specific eating or eating disorders (OSFED) are all conditions in which patients exhibit unhealthy relationships with food and disrupted eating patterns.
People with eating disorders may overeat, overeat, or worry excessively about their weight and shape. Most commonly seen in the to early 20s.
Binge eating disorder is characterized by eating large amounts of food in a short period of time. These so-called “binges” are often planned in advance, involve “special” or usually restricted foods, and occur in isolation. There is often a lot of shame and emotional turmoil associated with a binge session, and the binge may be followed by a period of restrictions to “get back on track.”
Here, we discuss the symptoms of binge eating disorder, the treatment and diagnostic process, and available support. This article is for informational purposes only and does not provide medical advice. A doctor or general practitioner should always be the first step in assessing the severity of an eating disorder and providing support.
What is Binge Eating Disorder?
According to magazine reviews North American Psychiatric Clinic (opens in new tab)bulimia is the most common eating disorder, osteopathic family doctor (opens in new tab) The journal states that less than half of people with bulimia can receive treatment. Additionally, 3.5% of American women and 2% of American men will experience an eating disorder at some point in their lives. , described in the journal. biological psychiatry (opens in new tab).
Darren Woodward, Licensed Psychotherapist and Principal live (opens in new tab), an overview of binge eating disorder and warning signs that someone may be developing the condition. Eating significantly more food than most people would eat at the same time under similar circumstances,” he says. “Eating these large amounts of food can make people feel like they are out of control.”
What are the symptoms of binge eating disorder?
Marianna Ashlova, M.D., Interim Physician in the Eating Disorders Program Cohen Children’s Medical Center New York describes symptoms that flag eating disorder experts. “Binge eating disorder is a clinical diagnosis performed by trained providers and includes symptoms such as eating more food than the average person would eat at one time, and feeling a lack of control over consumption. she says.
“People often say that overeating makes them feel full, that they eat too quickly or stealthily, and that they are fed up with the consumption of food. This happens once a week for three months. The disorder is associated with a variety of risk factors, including being overweight, significant dissatisfaction with body image, dieting behavior, etc. A history of emotional or physical abuse, and food insecurity and lack of childhood availability are also associated with risk factors. For many people, binge eating is used as a way to regulate their emotions, which can put emotionally vulnerable people at higher risk.”
Despite the prevalence of eating disorders in certain populations, blacks, indigenous peoples, and people of color are half as likely to receive treatment as whites. Harvard School of Public Health (opens in new tab) Reports the economic costs of eating disorders.a Neda (opens in new tab) A report on eating disorders in the LGBTQ+ community found that gay men were 7 times more likely to report binge eating and 12 times more likely to report purging than heterosexual men .another study Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (opens in new tab) It turns out that 20-30% of adults with eating disorders also have autism.
Woodward explains that secrecy is often a component of binge eating. “This could include eating when you’re not hungry, or eating alone or in secret,” he says. Binge eating is often painful and involves eating more food than the person wanted to eat.”
How is binge eating disorder diagnosed?
“Binge eating disorder is one of the most common eating disorders,” says Woodward. “Both men and women can get it, but it usually starts in his teens or her 20s.
“It is important to note that binge eating disorder affects each person differently. The behaviors are not identical and fall within a spectrum. From severe binge eating to frequent, distressing and compulsive binge eating that can be classified as an eating disorder. Your general practitioner or doctor will be the first step to assist you in assessing severity and next steps in support. This may include referral to a psychiatrist for psychiatric evaluation. This includes asking questions about eating habits and moods, leading to potential diagnosis and support. ”
What are the risks of binge eating disorder?
Reviews in Chronicles of the New York Academy of Sciences (opens in new tab) Binge eating disorders are common in non-obese individuals, but over time weight gain, DiabetesWeight management in bulimic patients is particularly difficult because disordered eating habits are often closely linked to a negative body image, and treating the underlying psychological condition is more important than forced weight loss. .
Woodward notes that bulimia is often closely linked to other mental health conditions. I have. depressionanxiety, and low self-esteem,” he says.
“Binge eating disorder can contribute to the exacerbation of these symptoms. People may feel trapped in a cycle of distress and compulsive binge eating. Often, but not always, it can lead to weight gain, and there are some health risks associated with it, such as high blood pressure. , high cholesterol, and type 2 diabetes.”
Reviews in nutrients (opens in new tab) The journal also shows that maladaptive emotion regulation plays a key role in the development of binge eating disorder. , has been associated with other forms of maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, such as substance abuse and self-harm.
What are the treatments for binge eating disorder?
Reviews in Annals of internal medicine (opens in new tab) Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been advocated as an effective treatment for people with bulimia, and pharmacotherapy such as lisdexamphetamine, SGA, and topiramate have also been shown to help reduce binge eating. , a combination of medication and therapy is the most effective approach, but therapy alone is also a powerful tool in treating bulimia.
Lauren Salvatore, a physician in psychology and clinical director of the Eating Disorder Day Treatment Program at Cohen Children’s Medical Center, believes that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical-behavioral therapy (DBT) are the best available treatments. It says it’s an option.
“The best treatments are CBT, which helps change thoughts and behaviors about bingeing, or DBT, which can treat the underlying emotional dysregulation that leads to bingeing,” she says. , can be delivered individually or in groups by qualified mental health professionals, and most importantly, find a provider you trust and feel comfortable with.”
Woodward says you may need to see a doctor for a diagnosis before attempting treatment. “Start booking with a GP. Taking this first step can be difficult.Sometimes people may struggle to admit that things are finding it difficult,” he said. say.
“Some people find it helpful to bring a friend or family member to the appointment for additional support. For others, CBT may be the best option, which can be done in one-on-one or group sessions. This includes talking with a therapist about the patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that can lead to binge eating. It could also include,” he says.
Binge Eating Disorder Support
Salvatore recommends the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) for professional non-judgmental support. “There you can find resources about treatments, providers, and how to know when to seek help,” she says.
NEDA also has a helpline for people in immediate crisis. Or you can send a text message if you prefer. There is a quick her screening tool available for anyone concerned about themselves or a loved one to see if it’s time to seek professional help.of National Anorexia Nervosa and Related Disorders Association (opens in new tab) (ANAD) also has a daytime helpline where you can set up an eating disorder support group (mentor) to help you take steps towards recovery.
This article is for informational purposes only and does not provide medical advice.
What is Binge Eating Disorder?
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