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What are the warning signs of prediabetes in adults?

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Pre-diabetes is a common condition. The CDC reports that 96 million Americans, or 1 in 3 of them, or about 34% of adults, have prediabetes. The amazing thing is that 84% or more than 8 in 10 of her have pre-diabetes and are unaware that they have diabetes.

are you in this group?

Here you will find details and facts about prediabetes and the actions you should take to stay healthy. The first step in managing prediabetes is understanding what a prediabetes diagnosis means. Read on to learn more about this diagnosis and what you can do.

What are the warning signs of pre-diabetes?

What is pre-diabetes?

Prediabetes is so named because it is the previous or early stage of type 2 diabetes. This means your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is also called:

  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) indicates higher than normal blood sugar levels after meals.
  • Impaired Fasting Glycemia (IFG), which refers to higher than normal blood sugar levels in the morning before a meal.

A normal blood sugar level is less than 70 mg/dL. In prediabetes, blood sugar levels rise from 100 mg/dL to 125 mg/dL. Diabetes is diagnosed when blood sugar levels are above 125 mg/dL.

What Causes Pre-Diabetes?

A pre-diabetic state characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels or glucose is caused by the body not using insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that regulates blood sugar levels to produce energy. To do.

Your body’s glucose comes from food. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood when you eat. During digestion, sugar enters the bloodstream. Insulin lowers sugar levels in the blood and makes it easier for it to enter cells.

In prediabetes, this process doesn’t work and the body doesn’t respond to insulin normally. This means that people with prediabetes cannot process blood sugar or glucose properly.

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  • your cells become insulin resistant
  • Your Pancreas May Not Make Enough Insulin
  • Your pancreas makes more insulin to try and get your cells to respond.
  • Increased metabolic disturbances due to a combination of exacerbated hyperglycemia and insulin resistance.

Aside from the above insulin-related causes of prediabetes, your family history, genetics, and Lifestyle is also a factor.

5 warning signs of pre-diabetes

Prediabetes is a serious condition. Without intervention, a person with prediabetes has up to a 50% chance of developing her type 2 diabetes within the next 5-10 years. Also, having pre-diabetes puts you at a higher risk of developing heart disease and stroke.

As you know, pre-diabetes is the early stage of type 2 diabetes. People who have had prediabetes for years may not show any symptoms at all. This is because pre-diabetes has few symptoms.

So, like most pre-diabetics, people often don’t realize they have diabetes until a serious health problem occurs.

The good news is that pre-diabetes can be completely reversed if you take the right actions, which are only possible if you know the warning signs.

Here are some common warning signs to look out for if you have pre-diabetes. You may have some or all of them.

1. Risk factors for prediabetes

Unless you know your prediabetes risk factors, you may not be able to see your doctor in the early stages to reverse your prediabetic condition.

Some of the risk factors for prediabetes are listed below.

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  • be over 45 years old
  • being a smoker
  • high blood pressure
  • high blood sugar
  • low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels
  • have high levels of triglycerides
  • have a family history of type 2 diabetes
  • lead to inactive lifestyle
  • have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • have obstructive sleep apnea
  • had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy)
  • give birth to a baby weighing over 9 pounds
  • processed meat, red meat, sweet drink
  • Are taking certain drugs, steroids, antipsychotics, or HIV medications.
  • Have hormonal disorders such as Cushing’s syndrome or acromegaly.
  • Belonging to a particular ethnic group, such as African American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.

If you have any of the above risk factors for pre-diabetes, talk to your doctor about checking your blood sugar regularly.

You can take this if you are still not sure if you are at risk for pre-diabetes 1-Minute Online Pre-Diabetes Risk TestAlternatively, you can talk to your doctor about getting a blood sugar test.

2. Changes in skin appearance

One of the warning signs of prediabetes and undiagnosed diabetes is a change in skin appearance. Some of them are:

  • Skin tag: People with prediabetes may notice skin tags or small skin growths, especially on the eyelids, neck, and underarms.
  • Open wounds, sores, and blisters: People with diabetes may have open sores, sores, and blisters on their hands, feet, arms, and legs. If the blood sugar level continues to be high, it leads to nerve damage and poor blood circulation, making it difficult for the wounds in the body to heal.
  • Skin infections: If you are prone to skin infections, you may have diabetes. You may notice symptoms such as hot, swollen, itchy, dry, or scaly skin, and may have rashes or blisters, which may be painful. White discharge, irregular periods and frequent yeast infections. You may experience an infection.
  • Black people with acanthosis epidermodis: Atrophic epidermolysis is a manifestation of insulin resistance associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). However, it does not occur in all cases of PCOS.When you get Acanthosis Nigricans, you will notice dark, thick, velvety patches on your skin. It can be found around the knees, elbows, neck, armpits, and knuckles.

3. Blurred eyes

Pre-diabetes and diabetes can affect and endanger vision. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults these days. Retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts are some of the common eye diseases caused by diabetes.

Retinopathy can develop in the pre-diabetic stage. Retinopathy is an eye condition in which blood vessels in the retina swell, leak, or stop completely. Abnormal blood vessels grow in the superficial areas of the retina, causing bleeding that can interfere with vision, form retinal detachments, progress to glaucoma, and ultimately blindness.

Blurred vision is a prominent warning sign of pre-diabetes. If you notice a change in your vision, it’s time to test your blood sugar.

In some cases, prediabetes can develop without any visible signs of a problem. Your best bet is to schedule regular preventive eye exams to avoid blindness.

4. Fatigue

People with prediabetes may feel unusually tired all the time. One of the first symptoms of prediabetes is feeling tired all the time.

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People with prediabetes often feel tired even when they are not doing strenuous activity. They also sleep more than usual, even during the day. Fatigue and exhaustion can be related to high and low blood sugar levels, in addition to the body’s inability to use insulin effectively.

5. Weight gain

Another sign of prediabetes is weight gain or overweight.

You may have insulin resistance. People with insulin resistance tend to be overweight. As a result, your waist circumference will probably increase as well.

If you have prediabetes, you may also notice fat around your waistline.

when to see a doctor

If you have prediabetes, you should get your blood sugar screened regularly.

Additionally, if you lead an unhealthy, inactive lifestyle, or have a family history of diabetes, we recommend scheduling a screening.

If you are over the age of 45, you should have your blood sugar screened every three years. If you already have diabetes, have regular contact with your doctor to adjust your insulin or medication dose.

final thoughts

Pre-diabetes refers to having blood sugar levels that are higher than normal but not high enough to be considered type 2 diabetes. Uncontrolled prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes.

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Prediabetes doesn’t always have symptoms, but it does come with the warning signs listed in this article.

Early diagnosis, treatment, and lifestyle changes can bring abnormal blood sugar levels back into the normal range, effectively delaying and even preventing type 2 diabetes.

That’s why it’s important to see your doctor regularly to have your blood sugar checked, especially if you’re at risk for pre-diabetes.

What are the warning signs of prediabetes in adults?

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The post What are the warning signs of prediabetes in adults? appeared first on Eminetra.

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