Boris Johnson is good at what George HW Bush once called “vision.”Prime Minister’s pledge to shift Britain to Net zero power generation It is a useful landmark on the way to the comprehensive goal of decarbonizing the entire economy by 2035 and by 2050. this is, Canada When America, And set the correct tone before next month COP26 Climate negotiations. But a vision without policy is of little value. Governments need to not only set goals, but also explain quickly and reliably how to achieve them.
The Covid-19 has exhausted the government’s capabilities, but the minister is now just fleshing out his bragging bones.10-point plan “For the Green Industrial Revolution” announced in November last year. For green power, governments need to move quickly from planning to actual decision-making. The investment decision for 2035 should begin to be considered today.
Moreover, this goal is not just about decarbonizing existing generations. This means expanding the capacity of the economy to deal with the wider electrification of the economy to replace fossil fuel combustion with automobiles, homes and industries.Advisory Climate Change Committee predict UK electricity demand will jump from today’s 300 terawatt hours to 460 TWh in 2035 and 610 TWh in 2050. Increasing the share of zero-carbon electricity should not prevent the overall expansion of electricity generation.
It requires rapid progress in multiple directions. Last year, Johnson had set a goal of quadrupling offshore wind capacity to 40 GW by the end of 2010, but said it could now require 60 GW. Approaching that goal means reducing bottlenecks. Wind developers are often slowed down by late planning and inadequate investment in grid infrastructure.
The expansion of renewable energy needs to be closely linked to the move to increase energy efficiency and reduce unnecessary demand as much as possible. Repeated failures of residential insulation schemes need to be overcome.
Collaborative efforts are also needed to overcome the volatility of renewable resources. Plans to store electricity need to be activated through large-scale battery and pumped storage projects launched a few years ago. Therefore, we also propose to use excess electricity on windy days to produce green hydrogen that can be burned at other times.Take that clue from California moving to Battery needs to be stored Also, for solar power in many new commercial and high-rise homes, the government may consider requiring home batteries in all homes by 2030.
Given the scale of expansion and the need for reliable base load generation, the government acknowledges that nuclear power should play a role. However, the minister has made two more go-ahead and funding decisions, as the plant in operation today is scheduled to be decommissioned by 2035 and only one alternative is being built at Hinckley Point C in Somerset. I can’t afford to delay it. Large plants They are said to be committed to it. Ministers further acknowledge that it will be difficult to reach the 2035 target unless natural gas remains in the mixture. They say carbon capture and storage technology is used to reduce emissions, but that technology is still in its infancy.
Achieving all of this requires significant public and private sector resources mobilization. It will stretch the most capable governments — not to mention the governments working at the end of the pandemic, committed to both pulling the economy away from reliance on cheap labor and leveling disadvantaged areas. Building your own policy-making and management capabilities must be a priority. Sadly, that record of managing everything from Covid to today’s gas and petrol crisis rarely stimulates self-confidence.
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