Canada is a country with many opportunities for residents. Hence individuals from different countries seek to settle down in Canada. One of the reasons many people immigrate to Canada is to become a Canadian citizen. Thus, whether you are coming to study, visit, or work, there are various ways to reach your immigration goals.
Furthermore, in most cases, many foreigners who immigrate to Canada end up getting permanent resident permits which enable them to automatically become Canadian citizens.
Fortunately, Canadian nationality law details the conditions in which a person is a national of Canada. Nevertheless, with few exceptions, almost all individuals born in Canada are automatically citizens at birth.
Moreover, foreign nationals may naturalize after living in Canada for at least three years while holding permanent residence and showing proficiency in the English or French language.
Who is a citizen of Canada?
Generally, a citizen of Canada is any person whether young or old who is a legal member of Canada with full constitutional rights. However, according to the Interpretation Act, “Canada” includes the “internal waters of Canada and the territorial sea of Canada”. “Internal waters’ ‘ is further defined as “the internal waters of Canada as determined under the Oceans Act and includes the airspace above and the bed and subsoil below those waters”.
Therefore, children born in Canadian airspace, whether over Canadian waters or Canadian land, are considered born in Canada, as are children born in Canadian waters.
Also, the interpretive clause in paragraph 2(2)(a) of the Citizenship Act Canada clarifies that “a person is deemed to be born in Canada if the person is born on a Canadian vessel as defined in section 2 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 or on an aircraft registered in Canada under the Aeronautics Act and regulations made under that Act”.
Benefits of becoming a Canadian citizen
Many benefits and privileges await you as soon as you become a Canadian citizen. Some of those benefits are:
1. Right to Live and Work in Canada
It is interesting to know that Canada is ranked as the second-best country in the world to live and work in. Therefore, it is one of the top destinations for overall sustainability, cultural influence, economic influence, entrepreneurship, and primarily for the quality of life.
Moreover, once you get a permanent residence, you have the right to move to any territory or province in Canada to work. Hence, you don’t have to stick with an employer, job, or even a province.
2. Allows you to bring your family along!
When you become a Canadian citizen, your family members can also live, study and work in Canada if they become permanent residents. However, you are allowed to sponsor certain residents if you are above 18 years of age.
3. Free Education for children
You will have the opportunity to obtain a free education when you become a Canadian citizen. Moreover, the government of Canada ensures free education up to Grade 12 for all children (until the age of 18 years) of permanent residents.
However, Canadian education has three levels – primary, secondary, and higher education. Moreover, tuition fees are dramatically reduced for permanent residents when it comes to university education.
4. Universal Healthcare
Canada immigration offers universal healthcare provided by the Canadian government and authorities.
Therefore, for every Canadian permanent resident visa holder of Canada, medical care is free, and it also covers all prescription drugs that are paid through taxes.
Moreover, when you become a Canadian citizen, you can also apply for public health insurance as a permanent resident in Canada.
5. Social Benefits
Another benefit to enjoy when you become a Canadian citizen is to enjoy social benefits. Therefore, immigrants in Canada can enjoy plenty of social security benefits if they have accrued 40 credit points. This is equivalent to 10 years of work, or 40 quarters.
However, the residents of Canada can get suitable high-paying jobs, and tax rebates, which help them enjoy a quality life.
Nonetheless, other social benefits include retirement payments, disability benefits, and survivors’ benefits for deceased workers.
6. Freedom to Move
As a foreigner who has become a Canadian citizen, you can move outside, inside, or remain in Canada (multiple times) with the Canada permanent resident card.
Moreover, Canadian citizenship grants you the freedom to move and take up residence in another province as well. You can pursue a new job, a new opportunity, or other types of livelihood throughout the country.
7. Freedom to Start a Business
You can freely start a business when you become a Canadian citizen. Therefore, permanent residents in Canada are also known as landed immigrants. They can also legally start their enterprise following Canadian immigration.
Moreover, under the benefits of becoming a Canadian permanent resident, you can invest in a franchise or start a new business with a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation.
8. Safe and Secure Environment
You stand to enjoy a safe and secure environment when you become a Canadian citizen. Moreover, Canada is known as the most peaceful country in the world.
Therefore, it is a safe and secure destination to settle. Nevertheless, immigrants with permanent residency in Canada have all the rights under Canadian Charter 6 to be protected by the government and authorities.
Thereby, people who give priority to safety can count on Canada and this is the most important benefit of living in Canada.
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First-generation citizenship rule in Canada
It is easy to become a Canadian citizen, but before that, you have to know this. One of the fascinating aspects of Canadian citizenship is the first-generation rule. The rule is an effort to protect the integrity of the Canadian immigration system.
Therefore, you may become a Canadian citizen by birth if you fit Canada’s first-generation citizenship rule. However, the rules are thus:
- Birth inside Canada
- Birth outside Canada
- The first-generation rule
- The enactment of the rule
Canadian citizenship by Naturalization
One can become a Canadian citizen by naturalization under the first generation rule. But before going to the first generation citizenship rule, have a proper understanding of naturalization. Each year, tens of thousands of people immigrate to Canada. Consequently, they become permanent residents.
However, to become a Canadian citizen, you must meet specific criteria. For example, you must reside in Canada for at least 1095 days before the citizenship application in the past five years.
Moreover, that is not the only criterion, if you meet all the requirements, you may apply for citizenship. Once you receive a grant of citizenship, you become a naturalized citizen. A Naturalized citizen is a first-generation citizen.
Canadian citizenship by birth inside Canada
Another way to become a Canadian citizen is by birth inside Canada. This happens if parents give birth to their child on Canadian soil, the child becomes a citizen by birth.
However, there is one exception to this rule. If by assumption one of the parents is a diplomat or an employee of another government and the other parent is not a permanent resident or Canadian citizen, the child won’t become a Canadian citizen by birth.
Of course, all other children born inside Canada become Canadian citizens by birth. Therefore, a person who becomes Canadian by birth inside Canada is a first-generation citizen.
Canadian citizenship by birth outside Canada
This is another top way to become a Canadian citizen. So this is when parents give birth to their child outside Canada. Therefore, the child becomes a Canadian citizen by birth only if at least one of the parents is a first-generation citizen. Nevertheless, this is another first-generation rule.
How to restore Canadian citizenship
Without a doubt, one who is fully a citizen can lose his or her citizenship due to one thing or the other. But when Canadian citizenship is lost, there are ways to follow to become a Canadian citizen again. Therefore, to qualify to resume your Canadian citizenship you must:
- First of all, be a Canadian citizen before.
- Have lost your Canadian citizenship by any means other than revocation or renouncement.
- Not be under a removal order. That is you are asked by the Canadian officials to leave Canada.
- Have become a permanent resident of Canada after the loss of your Canadian citizenship.
- Not have any unfulfilled immigration conditions linked to your permanent resident status.
- Have been physically present in Canada as a permanent resident for at least 365 days during the two (2) years immediately before you apply.
- Have met any applicable requirement under the Income Tax Act to file income taxes for the taxation year immediately before the year in which you are applying for citizenship.
- Not be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act
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What you must send with your application
To restore your lost Canadian citizenship, after you have met up with the above requirements, you are going to apply with the following:
If this is your first citizenship application you must send original or certified true copies of all your documents. However, if the documents you are submitting are certified true copies, an authorized person must swear or affirm that the copies are true copies of the originals.
Nevertheless, an authorized person can be a commissioner of oaths, a notary public, or a justice of the peace.
Moreover, if you have made a citizenship application in the past, you may send a clear and legible photocopy of your documents.
Proof of citizenship
You must send proof that you were once a Canadian citizen. For example, a birth certificate or a Canadian citizenship certificate.
Proof of ceased citizenship
Another thing to send alongside your application is the proof that you ceased to be a Canadian citizen. For example, a foreign naturalization certificate or a written notification issued by the Canadian Citizenship authorities advising that you are no longer a Canadian citizen.
You are going to show your Canadian immigration record – either your Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or your Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292, IMM 5688, or IMM 5509) and both sides of your Permanent Resident Card (PRC) if you have one.
You will provide at least two pieces of personal identification. One of which must have your photos, such as a driver’s license or a health insurance card. While other documents may be your marriage certificate or legal change of name certificate if available.
With this article, you have seen it is easy to become a Canadian citizen. Therefore make use of the available opportunity to become a Canadian citizen.