Europe’s oldest map, Egypt’s “Lost Golden City”, and the world’s largest potential Indian giant geoglyph, are just a few of the archaeological discoveries reported in 2021. Pandemic despite all ongoing issues related to COVID-19, scholars have made many discoveries, and in this countdown live science sees some of the best historical and archaeological stories of 2021. I will continue.
Giant geoglyph of India
Perhaps the world’s largest geoglyph, covering an area of approximately 51 acres (20.8 hectares) near India’s Pakistani border, was found in the Thar Desert, India. It consists of several spirals and a meander that moves back and forth.
Hike along the lines of the geoglyphs for a 30-mile (48-kilometer) journey. Geoglyphs are estimated to date back about 150 years, but their purpose is unknown. Geoglyphs are difficult to see from the ground and were first detected by a team of scholars who were using Google Earth to analyze the landscape.
Lost Golden City
Archaeologists have discovered a nearby “lost golden city” Luxor (Ancient Thebes) In Egypt. The city is known as the “Rise of Aten” and was founded by Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned between 1391 BC and 1353 BC. The city has numerous homes, administration buildings, large bakeries, mudbrick production areas and several burial grounds. According to historical documents, Amenhotep III has three royal palaces in the city, and excavations are underway.
The existence of the city was known from historical records, but it was not discovered until this year. “Many foreign delegations searched the city but never found it,” translated Zahi Hawass, a former Minister of State for ancient ruins and archaeologist who led the excavation of Golden City. Said in a statement made.
Roman crucifixion revealed
In Cambridgeshire, England, archaeologists discovered the body of a man crucified between the ages of 25 and 35. A nail was found in at least one of his heel bones. In addition, his hands were tied to the cross during the crucifixion. The position where this placed him probably suffocated him.
Archaeologists have discovered that his leg bones are thin. This means that he was most likely tied to the wall for a long time before he became a crucifixion. The burial dates back to the 3rd or 4th century, and the man may have been a slave.Few examples of crucifixion were found Roman Empire In an archaeological excavation.
Europe’s oldest map
Researchers have discovered that a series of sculptures carved into a 4,000-year-old stone plate in France is actually the oldest map in Europe. The slab has a series of lines that represent the river Odet and the surrounding valleys in western France. This area is approximately 18.6 miles x 13 miles (30 kilometers x 21 km).
The stone slab was actually discovered in 1900. Recent studies of sculptures that used photogrammetry to create highly detailed 3D images of slabs revealed that the sculptures form a map. It may have been used by a prince or king to describe the territory they ruled.
Hugs of ancient lovers
About 1500 years ago, a couple of men and women were buried together in a loving hug. When archaeologists found their bodies, their embrace was still intact despite the passage of time.
“This is the first [couple] Qian Wang, an associate professor of biomedical sciences at the University of Texas A & M School of Dentistry, told Live Science by email.
The man was 29-35 years old and suffered several injuries, including a broken arm and a missing finger on his right hand. The female was 35-40 years old and had some cavities but no obvious injuries. Researchers speculate that after the man died, the female committed suicide to make it easier to be buried in a loving hug.
World’s oldest pet cemetery
A 2,000-year-old pet cemetery was discovered in Berenice, a port on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, which may be the oldest known example in the world. The animals buried in this graveyard seemed to have died due to nature and were treated lovingly. In other parts of Egypt where animals are buried, animals were often sacrificed.
At the Pet Cemetery, archaeologists have discovered a variety of animals, including large dogs wrapped in palm leaf mats. It also includes toothless dogs and cats. These dogs were very old when they died and may have had to eat with the help of their owners. Martha Osimpinska, a senior researcher and animal archaeologist at the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, said:
Parade 11,000 years ago
Turkey’s 11,000-year-old prehistoric site, now known as Karahantepe, was used for a prehistoric parade where people saw people walking through buildings containing mannequin-shaped pillars and sculptures of human heads. it was done. “All pillars are built and shaped like bars,” wrote Necmi Karul, a professor of prehistoric archeology at Istanbul University, in a dissertation published in the journal Türk Arkeolojive Etnografya Delgisi. The building is part of a larger complex. The excavation on the site started in 2019 and is still in progress.
The site was built around the same time as Gobeklitepe, another site with large buildings and sculptures of animal and human heads. Both sites are two of the oldest known monumental sites built by people.
The oldest war monument
According to archaeologists, the 4,300-year-old cemetery at the Terbanat ruins in Syria may be the oldest war monument in the world. Includes at least 30 warrior corpses, horses and pellets. Archaeologists have discovered that horse soldiers tend to be grouped into different areas as if soldiers with pellets were part of different units. Ancient Mesopotamian inscriptions show how the bodies of the war dead were piled up in a highly organized structure.
According to archaeologists, people living in the area call this mound a “white monument.” This is because the plaster of the monument is exposed to sunlight. In a statement, Anne Porter, a professor of ancient Near Eastern civilization at the University of Toronto and one of the researchers, said the finding “to honor those who, like us, were killed in battle. It shows that. ”
Chinese scientists report the discovery of a new human species they call Homolongi It means “Dragon Man”. It is known from the skull discovered in 1933, but it was hidden in a well while Japan occupied China and remained for 85 years before being rediscovered and studied.
The skull is big Homo Skulls and studies known to exist suggest that Dragonman may be the closest known related species. Homo sapiens.. It is not clear exactly when the dragonman first appeared or when it became extinct, but the skull itself dates back 309000 to 138,000 years.
Some scientists question whether Dragonman is actually a new human species and speculate that the skull belongs to the Denisovan, an ape with few known fossils. increase.
The oldest ghost painting
Almost invisible to the naked eye, museum curators have identified a 3,500-year-old Babylonian tablet sculpture as the oldest known depiction of a ghost. The ghost is a male, bearded, and looks moody while being led to the underworld by a female with a rope.
The tablet has spells aimed at getting rid of ghosts. The spell transfers the ghost to a figurine and calls on the sun god Shamash to help the ghost pass on to the afterlife. The last line of the ritual warns, “Don’t look behind you.” The tablet is in the British Museum, which was acquired in the 19th century, but no ghosts were found until recently.
Originally published on Live Science.
Top 10 Most Fascinating Archaeological Discoveries of 2021
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