A museum curator has discovered the oldest known ghost on an ancient Babylonian tablet 3,500 years ago. Devil dispelling Unwanted spirit.
The clay tablet painting depicts a seemingly moody bearded man. ghost A woman leads her to the underworld with a rope. The ritual engraved next to the sketch explains that the solution to getting rid of the nasty male ghosts is to give them a lover.
While examining a ghost-related tablet in the vault of the British Museum in London, Irving Finkel, a senior curator in the museum’s Middle East department, discovered the drawings and translated the accompanying ritual. Parents First reported.
“I think this ritual is enacted in a relentless home, perhaps when the ghosts of the family are really beyond the joke, and many people are surprised and don’t want to continue,” Finkel told Live. rice field. Chemistry.
The British Museum bought tablets in the 19th century and thousands of other tablets BabylonAn ancient city about 60 miles (100 km) south of modern-day Baghdad, Iraq. Tablets provide insights into what life was like in a larger area called Babylon and Mesopotamia.
The tablet is small enough to fit in one hand and is missing at least half. Finkel knew that the tablet’s cuneiform (ancient Middle Eastern clerk system) described ghost rituals, but did not properly examine the tablet until he began studying a new book.First ghost“(Hodder & Stoughton, 2021), will be released on November 11th.
Upon closer inspection, Finkel found a fine painting that was barely visible naked. eye, And he identified ghosts and women. “These characters suddenly got out of myth,” Finkel said. “It was very exciting.” This image serves as a visual aid to the ritual that would have been performed by the Devil.
The ritual makes male and female figurines and instructs the reader to equip them with certain items, such as men’s travel goods and women’s furniture. The dolls are then buried together at sunrise while the exorcist casts the spell. The tablet spell is incomplete, but it begins by calling the sun god Shamash, who was responsible for moving the ghosts into the underworld.
This was a literal ritual, not a symbolic one, Finkel said. The exorcist was to transfer the ghost to a figurine so that he could pass by with the blessing of Shamash. The last line of the ritual warns, “Don’t look behind you.” Finkel believes this warning is for a doll that has entered the underworld, but he is uncertain. Perhaps the message was for the exorcist when they left the figurine.
The tablet probably came from an exorcist library or temple. Clay is a relentless medium to draw and requires tremendous skill, so skilled craftsmen are likely to have created unusual paintings, Finkel said.
Finkel hopes that his new book will shed light on Mesopotamia in the history of ghosts and emphasize how accessible ancient Mesopotamian culture is today. “The people coming out of these pages don’t look like museum buildings. They don’t look like weirdos on another planet. They look like the people we recognize. “I will.” Said Finkel.
According to Finkel, people today will recognize their fears, doubts and rituals. “All these kinds of things are very well-known paintings in the sense that the humanity beneath them is the same humanity as they are today.”
Originally published in Live Science.
The oldest ghost painting found on a Babylonian demon-paying tablet
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