Thousands of Sudanese opposition to democratization flowed into the streets of the capital on Monday, rejecting the interim government’s military coup that has ruled the country ever since. Expulsion for many years Dictator Omar al-Bashir.
In a statement broadcast on state television, Sudan’s highest-ranking military leader, General Abdelfatta Albahan, declared a state of emergency throughout the Strategic State of the Horn of Africa, civilians and military personnel. .. He said a new interim government would soon be appointed to lead the country to elections in July 2023.
The statement followed early Monday’s report from the Sudanese Ministry of Information and several senior government officials, with Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdock, his wife, and other civilian leaders detained by the military. The ministry said Mr Hamdock and others were taken to a private location after refusing to support the prime minister’s statement that he was a military coup.
“We call on the Sudanese people to go out and show and use all peaceful means to restore their revolution from any kidnapper,” the ministry said.
Throughout the capital, Khartoum, protesters built obstacles, burned tires, and shouted slogans refusing to return to the junta. Some trade unions have asked their members to quit their jobs at a show of civil disobedience. Meanwhile, soldiers, police, and members of the paramilitary rapid support unit patrol the capital’s bridges and major intersections.
About its verification
The Ministry of Information said soldiers fired live ammunition at protesters gathered around Khartoum’s military headquarters. The central committee of Dr. Sudan, one of the groups that participated in the mass uprising over the months prior to Mr. Bashir’s expulsion in 2019, said that at least three protesters were killed in shootings and more than 80 protesters. He said he was investigating the report. I was injured.
Private television and radio stations were cut off while Internet surveillance group NetBlocks reported that fixed and mobile connections throughout Sudan had been disrupted.
The United States and the European Union, which have financially and politically supported Sudan’s post-Bashir transition, called for the immediate release of Mr Hamdock and other private leaders. “Today’s actions are in complete opposition to the will of the Sudanese people and their desire for peace, freedom and justice,” said Carine Jean Pierre, a White House spokeswoman.
The US Embassy in Khartoum urged the military to immediately stop all violence and ensure the safety of protesters. It said all flights abroad were interrupted and asked American citizens to evacuate to their designated locations. State Department spokesman Ned Price said the United States would suspend $ 700 million in planned aid aimed at supporting Sudan’s democratic transition, with Washington sanctions and other punishments for those responsible for violence. He suggested that he could resort to action.
Tensions between civilian and military leaders have continued for weeks, and Mr Hamdock warned earlier this month that Sudan’s transition to democracy is under threat. Last week, tens of thousands of Sudanese demonstrated in Khartoum and other major cities, demanding that the military hand over control of the country to private leaders. A few days ago, a crowd of protesters jumped over a barricade protecting Khartoum’s presidential residence, saying they were a sign of support for a military takeover.
Behind the heightened tension is the swirling economic crisis in a country of 45 million people. Annual consumer price inflation has reached nearly 400% throughout the year, and the government has warned of a shortage of essentials such as wheat, fuel and basic medicine.
In Khartoum, long lines in front of bakeries and grocery stores have once again become a common sight, and many Sudanese remember the sharp rise in bread prices that caused a protest against Mr. Bashir in late 2018. I called it back.
The United States and other Western nations have sent hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to Sudan in hopes of incorporating Sudan into the anchor of stability in turbulent regions.Almost exactly a year ago, the Trump administration Agreement between Sudan and Israel An important step in detaining al-Qaeda’s then-leader Osama bin Laden to normalize relations and removing US sanctions imposed on Khartoum in the 1990s to support terrorist groups.
Jeffrey Feltmann, the US Special Envoy for the Horn of Africa, stayed in Khartoum over the weekend, and in talks with both Mr. Hamdock and General Barhan, sought a path towards a transition to democratization.
In June, the International Monetary Fund announced a large-scale debt relief agreement in Sudan. The agreement will wipe out more than $ 50 billion of the country’s external debt over the next three years. However, debt relief has been linked to a tough economic reform program that has boosted Mr. Hamdock’s opposition to the government, including the elimination of state subsidies and changes in Sudan’s currency.
Cameron Hudson, a former head of the U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan, now affiliated with the Atlantic Council’s Africa Center, said one of the key reasons for the country’s economic difficulties is that the military generates key revenues, including: He said it was in continuous control of the department. Gold mining, agriculture, construction.
“International aid helped slow the economic downturn, but it wasn’t enough to turn the economy around,” he said.
In recent weeks, Sudan’s economic problems have been exacerbated by the blockade of Sudan’s port, the largest port in the Red Sea, where members of the Beja tribe, who make up about 10% of Sudan’s population, have blocked major access. road. They accused the government of financial negligence and alienation and insisted that they would not end the blockade of the port until their demands were met.
Correction and amplification
General Abdelfatta Albahan, Sudan’s highest-ranking military leader, said a new interim government would soon be appointed to lead the country to elections in July 2023. Earlier versions of this article were elections when he announced the dissolution of the country’s provisional government. (Corrected on October 25, 2021)
—William Maurdin contributed to this article.
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Sudanese military coup draws thousands to the streets in protest
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