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    Sometimes we need to ‘unbelieve’ our tribe

    In today’s “attention economy,” people often appear to have decided what they believe in according to the belief system of a particular political or idealistic camp, rather than after rationally assessing the facts.

    For example, long before the jury finally arrived at the acquittal verdict in the trial last week. Kyle RittenhouseAmerican teenagers, who were charged with murder in two murders during last year’s civil unrest, seemed to have already decided what the outcome should be. On the left, Rittenhaus was a murderous white supremacist.On the right, he Hero A man who innocently and legitimately defended America from the violence and destruction of mobs. Both sides seemed to consider the other’s beliefs to be unconscionable. Such polarization and condemnation of those we disagree with can be seen in the discussion of other controversial topics such as Brexit and abortion.

    It is now well established that the Internet, especially social media algorithms that provide more of the types of content we have already seen and been involved in, has disrupted our society and brought about different tribal belief systems. I am. It will become more and more established. But why do we accept the materials we encounter in certain filter bubbles so quickly? What makes us all so reluctant to understand the “other side” and perhaps even impossible?

    essay Harvard Psychologist Daniel Gilbert, May provide some insights. In a 1991 paper, “How the mental system believesGilbert argues, in order to understand the idea, that our brain accepts it as truth at first, even for a moment. Therefore, it is more troublesome to reject an idea than to accept it. Acceptance is automatic, but to deny it, you have to go through a process that Gilbert calls “don’t believe” or “don’t accept.”

    Gilbert’s paper, based on social and cognitive psychological research, is based on the work of the 17th-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza, claiming that acceptance of ideas is part of automatically understanding it. Did. This was contrary to Rene Descartes’ idea that we first understand the idea and then decide whether to accept or reject it. Most of us may want to imagine what we experience when we understand what we believe. However, according to Gilbert, this is not supported by evidence.

    “People are especially prone to accepting what they see and hear as truth,” Gilbert wrote. “People are Spinozan systems and, in the face of lack of time, energy, or definitive evidence, may not be able to accept the ideas they unknowingly accept during understanding.”

    Gilbert argues that “perception interprets objects, so cognition interprets ideas,” and therefore “believes” them at first. “In both cases, it is believed that the expression of the stimulus is empowered to guide the action as if it were true, before reasonably analyzing the accuracy of the expression.”

    If Gilbert is right, in an economy that relies on flooding us with information that reinforces our existing beliefs, our resources are often exhausted and what we are given. It’s no wonder you realize you can’t make an effort to “disbelieve”.

    “The challenge of the digital age … People are generally reluctant to focus their excessive attention on those they disagree with, or the perspectives that make them the least offensive,” Romin co-authored.・ Tafalodi says Another paper We discussed the same idea with Gilbert, published in 1990.

    In a later essay, the author points out: “A system that believes in expressions before evaluating them … Only works if those expressions are generally accurate.”

    We live in a world where algorithms are deliberately set to provide content that conveys what we are already thinking, and political campaigns deliberately flood the timeline with misleading information. is. It is important to find a way to expose yourself to the opposite perspective and sometimes encourage the effortful process of “not believing” on your side.

    jemima.kelly@ft.com

    Sometimes we need to ‘unbelieve’ our tribe Source link Sometimes we need to ‘unbelieve’ our tribe

    The post Sometimes we need to ‘unbelieve’ our tribe appeared first on California News Times.

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