New genetic analysis may finally reveal the origin of the Etruscans. The Etruscans are mysterious people who flourished in Italy centuries before Rome was founded.
It turns out that the mysterious Etruscans lived in the area and had about the same genetics as their Latin-speaking neighbors.
This discovery came from a different place than the Latin-speaking neighbors of the now extinct non-Indo-European-speaking Etruscans, who had been significantly different from other languages in the region for centuries. It contradicts the previous theory.
Instead, both groups appear to be immigrants from the Pontic-Caspian grasslands. This is an elongated land extending from the northern Black Sea around Ukraine to the northern Caspian Sea in Russia. After arriving in Italy during the Bronze Age, early Etruscan speakers took root, assimilating speakers of other languages into their own culture, and they prospered into a great civilization.
This finding “challenge the simple assumption that genes are equal to language and suggest a more complex scenario that may involve the assimilation of early Italic speakers by the Etruscan language community.” David Caramelli, a professor of anthropology at the University of Florence, said. Said in a statement..
In a city as sophisticated as an ancient Greek city. A trading network that is as profitable as the Phoenicians.And a huge wealth comparable to ancient times EgyptianThe Etruscan civilization, the first known superpower of the Western Mediterranean, had a brilliance that matched only by the mystery surrounding its language and its origins. Etruria, which reached the pinnacle of power in central Italy in the 7th century BC, dominated the region for centuries until the emergence of the Roman Republic, which had almost conquered the Etruscans by the middle of the 3rd century BC. rice field.90 BC
Archaeologists have long known that the Etruscans left behind their religious rituals, metalworking, gladiator fighting, and architectural and engineering innovations in later Roman Republic. However, little was known about the Etruscan geographic origin and its mysterious, partially understood language, which has been the subject of intense debate for over 2,400 years.
Ancient Greek writer Herodotus The Etruscans (widely considered to be the first historians) believed to be descendants of the Anatolian and Aegean people who fled west following the current famine in western Turkey. Another Greek historian, Dionysius of Harical Nassos, argued that pre-Roman civilization was native to the Italian peninsula, despite Greek customs and non-Indian European languages.
Recent archaeological evidence that shows little evidence of migration agrees with Halicarnassus’s claim, but researchers say that “the lack of ancient DNA from this area makes genetic research inconsistent.” Said in a statement. To solve this, scientists collected ancient genomic information from the bodies of 82 people who lived in 12 archaeological sites in central and southern Italy 2,800 to 1,000 years ago.
After comparing the DNA of these 82 people with the DNA of other ancient and modern people, scientists found that the Etruscans and their Latin neighbors had a genetic profile of each other, despite major differences in habits and languages. I found that I was sharing. In fact, the ancestors of both groups refer to those who first arrived in the area from the Pontic-Caspian steppes during the Bronze Age. After these early Etruscans settled in northern and eastern Italy, their gene pools remained relatively stable — both during the Iron Age and during the absorption of Etruscan civilization into the Roman Republic. Then, after the rise of the Roman Empire, there was a large influx of new genes, probably as a result of the large-scale migration brought about by the Empire.
Johannes Klaus, director of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany, said: statement.
Now that the ancient debate has finally been resolved, scientists are planning to use ancient times to conduct broader genetic research. DNA From other parts of the Roman Empire. This is not only the movement of those who have identified the origins of the Etruscans and the details of their strange, now extinct language, but also the movement of those who have transformed their descendants into genetically diverse citizens of the world’s superpowers. Helps you discover.
Researchers published their findings in the journal on September 24th Science Advances..
Originally published in Live Science.
Scientists solve the mystery of Etruscan origin
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