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    Romania joins challenges to EU law supremacy

    good morning. Welcome to Europe Express.

    Poland may be in the limelight in a rule of law dispute with another Eastern European country, Brussels, Romania, Has also begun to challenge the superiority of EU law. In an interview with Europe Express, Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders discusses the issues and the promising consequences of Bucharest.

    Meanwhile, in Vienna, the last meeting with Russia ended yesterday with a rather dark note, and Moscow characterized all efforts as a “dead end.”This is FT’s view During the diplomatic week when he was able to avoid an imminent conflict, he remained afraid that the worst had not yet come.

    And in the news of the energy crisis, the Netherlands is reluctantly pumping Emergency gas supply For the EU, including top customer Germany, despite the government’s plans to retire Europe’s largest gas field in the coming years.

    This article is an on-site version of the Europe Express newsletter. Sign up here Send your newsletter directly to your inbox on weekday mornings

    Mini Poland under construction

    The Romanian Constitutional Court follows in the footsteps of the corresponding Polish courts when it comes to challenging the superiority of EU law. Brussels Valentina Pop and Sam Fleming..

    First time in May last year Arbitrage,continue The second Once in December, the European Court of Justice stated that EU law should take precedence over domestic law, including the ruling of the National Constitutional Court, if a Romanian judge violates an EU treaty. ..

    The Romanian Constitutional Court opposed both decisions, arguing that judges should give top priority to Romanian law.

    The decision of the Bucharest-based court is Poland’s When Germany’s The Constitutional Court also states the superiority of EU law.However, although Polish legal action was triggered by the Polish Prime Minister (not retreating) Countless legal disputes), The Commission buried a hatchet in Germany after sending a sense of security that Berlin fully upheld the dominance of EU law.

    According to Lenders, the Romanian government is in the middle. “We received the following reaction from the Romanian government: [EU law] Superiority. .. .. But within the framework of the Romanian Constitution. So it doesn’t exactly match the answer received from the German government unconditionally. “

    Mr. Lendels could file a proceeding against Romania in light of the Romanian Supreme Court’s “realistic, lasting and lasting position contrary to the binding nature of EU law or ECJ decisions”. Said there was.

    Although resistance to the ECJ’s decision is not very advanced, Romania, following Poland, could be fined millions of euros if it refuses to implement a decision in a Luxembourg-based court.

    According to the ECJ, one such requirement is to abolish the special prosecutor’s office for judges who “may be seen as trying to establish a means of pressure and intimidation on judges.” .. Romania’s Minister of Justice has promised to abolish special forces as part of a wide range of reforms that have not yet been approved by parliament, Mr. Lendels said.

    However, Lendels said it was a deadlocked tactic encountered in discussions with Hungarian counterparts. “First you need to implement [the ECJ rulings], In Romania, stop at a special section. Then, if you want to introduce a new system, verify it. “

    There are some similarities between Warsaw and Bucharest, but one major difference remains. Romania has begun to receive funds under Block’s Next Generation EU € 800 billion recovery package.And unlike Poland, it is under the jurisdiction of the Pan-European Prosecutor’s Office (coincidentally led by a Romanian). Prosecutor, Laura Kovesi), can take people to court for embezzlement or fraudulent EU money.

    Is the challenge to the superiority of EU law justified?Please tell us your thoughts click here Do a poll.

    Dutch on Gas-German Hot Air

    What is a little extra gas imported between historic friends and neighbors?The Netherlands and Germany write that they are beginning to learn that long-standing allies’ relations are tense over Berlin’s demand for an emergency Dutch gas supply. Mehreen Khan in Brussels..

    Stef Blok, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Economy of the Netherlands, said I have written Last month, it warned its German counterpart Robert Habeck that Germany’s demand for additional gas supplies from the Groningen gas field was the cause of “serious worries.”

    The Netherlands has promised to close Groningen, Europe’s largest gas field, due to concerns about earthquakes and small tremors caused by decades of underground pumping.

    However, with rising demand from Germany and Europe, this sector needs to continue production far beyond this year’s forecasts. Energy crisis.. Germany alone reports that it will need about 1.1 billion cubic meters of gas from Groningen this year.

    Brock warned Berlin that Germany should aim to keep its desire for gas “minimum” as Groningen gradually moves off the grid. The Netherlands has left gas as part of its green transition, has opted for an energy strategy that is the exact opposite of Berlin, and has opted to make a big bet on nuclear power.

    Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte raised the wicked problem of German gas demand during his first visit to meet the new Prime Minister Olaf Scholz in Berlin. “We want to get rid of gas production,” Rutte said at a joint press conference.

    However, the Dutch chose a diplomatic tone over Brock, adding that the Netherlands was aware of the “Germany’s wish” for more imports.

    Like many EU countries, the Netherlands is worried that Germany will become increasingly dependent on Russia’s gas, including the Nord Stream 2 pipeline, to meet its energy needs over the coming decades. However, the natural consequence of Russia’s low gas in Europe is higher demand from other Groningen-led sources.

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    What to see today

    1. British Foreign Minister Liz Truss and EU Brexit Commissioner Maroš Šefchovic speak to the press after a two-day meeting

    2. EU Foreign Ministers meet on the second day of the informal council in Brest, France

    3. Italy will hold a state funeral for the late President of the European Parliament, David Sassoli

    Smart lead

    • Carbon-free energy: According to this, the EU’s national energy and climate program is inadequate to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. analysis According to Bruegel. Three-quarters of a block’s greenhouse gas emissions come from burning coal, oil, and natural gas to produce energy. This includes building heating, transportation, and machine operation. The transition to climate neutral means that these services must be provided without associated emissions.

    • Poland-Germany Relations: Berlin’s new government is not good news for its already tense relationship with Warsaw. write in Monica Sus of the European Policy Center. Warsaw should keep an eye on the Olaf Scholz administration more than Chancellor Angela Merkel on issues such as the rule of law, European federalism, energy policy, climate change and relations with Russia.

    • No’vaxenfreude’: The new term was coined for vaccinated people who enjoy anti-vaccer illness and even death. write in FT Simon Kuper. This harsh feeling ignores relatives, including children who experience shame and anger and often suppress sadness.

    Britain after Brexit — Keep an eye on the latest developments as the UK economy is adapting to life outside the EU.sign up here

    Moral money — A must-see newsletter on socially responsible business, sustainable finance and more.sign up here

    Are you enjoying the Trans-Europe Express? Sign up here Delivered directly to your inbox daily at 7am CET. Tell us your thoughts, we love to hear from you: europe.express@ft.com..

    Today’s Europe Express Team: valentina.pop@ft.com, sam.fleming@ft.com, mehreen.khan@ft.com.. Follow us on Twitter: @valentinapop, @ Sam1Fleming, @MehreenKhn..

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