Pioneering University of Limerick, Ireland professor of surgery sheds light on a new order in the abdomen

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J Calvin Coffey, Chairman of the Surgery Foundation of the UL School of Medicine in Ireland, published a new study on abdominal composition and structure in 2016 with major discoveries that led to the reclassification of the mesentery as a new organ. .. Credit: Alan Place

A pioneering professor of surgery at the University of Limerick, whose breakthrough research led to the reclassification of organs, presented new evidence detailing the basic order of the abdomen.

J Calvin Coffey, Chairman of the Surgery Foundation of the UL School of Medicine in Ireland, presents a new study on the composition and structure of the mesentery with major discoveries that led to the reclassification of the mesentery as a new organ in 2016. Did. abdomen..

In a research paper published in the Nature Portfolio Journal Communication biology, Professor Coffey’s team elaborated on the development and structure of the mesentery. By doing this, they discovered a new order in which all the contents of the abdomen were organized or placed, or a “basic order in the abdomen”.

For the importance of these findings regarding the mesentery and their impact on abdominal understanding. Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology..

“Since 2016, Kevin Byrnes, Dara Walsh, and team members have focused on the development and structure of the mesentery,” said Professor Coffey, UL Hospitals Group Surgeon Director, Consultant President, and Colon Rectal Surgeon. explained.

“We showed how the mesentery is a single continuous organ on which all the abdominal digestive system develops and remains connected for the rest of its life.

“These findings reveal abdominal simplicity that was not apparent in traditional anatomical descriptions,” he explained.

In an international collaborative study, Professor Coffey’s team has developed a variety of cutting-edge technologies to clarify how the mesentery develops and how it forms in adults. I used it.

As a result of the work, it became clear that the tissue of the abdomen had a very simple design. This design is summarized in a description called “Abdominal Anatomy Mesenteric Model”.

“The abdomen is not a very complex collection of individual organs that was previously thought of,” says Professor Coffey.

“Instead, all digestive organs are neatly packaged and placed in a single digestive engine by the mesentery. Its simplicity was hidden until the nature of the mesentery became apparent. . “

The model itself was described by the team in the latest version of Gray’s Anatomy.The supporting evidence is Communication biology The clinical significance was explained in the review Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology..

“The most important discovery here was the discovery of the basic order of the abdomen. At the basic level, all the contents of the abdomen are simply organized into one of two compartments,” Coffeey said. The professor explained.

“The basic order of structure is very important, especially when diagnosing and treating a sick patient. The basic order is the foundation of the beginning and clinical practice of all science.

“The systematic simplicity of the abdomen is a viral or bacterial infection, cancer, Inflammatory bowel diseaseObesity, diabetes, and many others, “he added.

A better understanding of the mesentery and its function has already led to improved surgery, and new research is based on those advances. Professor Coffey outlined that there are also exciting areas for future research.

“Patients have already benefited from a mesenteric-based approach to the diagnosis and treatment of most abdominal conditions. The mesenteric model of abdominal anatomy, or a description of the abdominal order, is now much more. The moments that are built into the reference curriculum, “he said.

“For the future, it is claimed that there is a paradigm shift from the old order to the new order. There are already interesting questions that can be called” legitimate or acceptable “in the strict scientific sense. increase. Science is a new light. Clinicians can design diagnostic and therapeutic approaches based on new foundations, “concludes Professor Coffey.


Surgeons identify the mesentery as an unrecognized human digestive system


For more information:
Kevin G. Byrnes et al, Mesentery Development and Structure, Communication biology (2021). DOI: 10.1038 / s42003-021-02496-1 J

Calvin Coffey et al, Mesentery Updates: Its Role in Structure, Function, and Disease, Lancet gastrointestinal and hepatology (2021). DOI: 10.1016 / S2468-1253 (21) 00179-5

Provided by
Limerick College

Quote: A professor of surgery at Limerick’s pioneering university in Ireland, https: //medicalxpress.com/news/2022-01-university-limerick-ireland-obtained on January 28, 2022 from the new order of the abdomen ( (January 28, 2022) sheds light on professor-surgery.html

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