It is sometimes called the “hormone of hugging” or the “hormone of love” because it is released when people snuggle up or deepen their social ties. Texas Medical Center..Even if you play with you dog A study published in the journal in 2017 can cause a surge in oxytocin Psychology Frontier.. However, these monicas can be misleading.
according to American Psychological Association, Oxytocin can also be fortified memory The bond has deteriorated, such as when a man has a bad relationship with his mother. It can also make it difficult for people to accept people they consider to be outsiders. In other words, whether oxytocin hugs you or makes you suspicious depends on your environment.
Oxytocin is a hormone of particular importance to women. Larry Young, a behavioral neuroscientist at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, said:
According to the chapters in the book, hormones increase the intensity and frequency of uterine contractions during labor and help with postpartum uterine contractions.Pregnant and lactating medications“(ElsevierBV, 2015) When an infant breastfeeds the mother’s breast, the stimulus causes the mother’s body to release oxytocin, which in turn commands the body to” drop “milk for the baby to drink.
Oxytocin also promotes the bond between mother and child.Studies show that “women Rat Find a disgusting puppy if: [the females are] Young told Live Science. “But puppies are attractive because their brains change when they give birth,” Young said. Similar findings are found in humans.
NS Association for Psychological Sciences First mother found high levels of oxytocin Pregnancy trimester, You are more likely to take actions to deepen your bond, such as singing or bathing your baby.
Related: 11 Interesting effects of oxytocin
Mothers’ bonds are not always fixed, but after all, human women can adopt and care for their babies. Oxytocin, released during pregnancy, “seems to play a role in the motivation and emotions of connecting with the baby,” Young said. Studies also show When interacting with the baby, the baby’s own oxytocin levels rise, he added.
In men, oxytocin also promotes binding. In a previous study, fathers who received a boost of oxytocin via nasal drops played more closely with their five-month-old babies than fathers who did not receive hormone zap. Live Science reported.. (There is another hormone called vasopressin, which plays a strong role in male binding.)
This antisocial effect of social hormones brings some nuances to the story of oxytocin. In one study, researchers found that Dutch students who sniffed hormones became more positive about fictitious Dutch characters, but more negative about characters with Arab and German names. it was done.The findings suggest that the socially binding effects of oxytocin are targeted at those who are perceived as part of the group, the researchers said in January 2011. Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)..
In another study PNASThe man was given a dose of oxytocin and was asked to remember his mother’s memory. Those with safe relationships explained that the mother was more compassionate after the hormone administration. People with relationship problems actually thought that their mother was less compassionate than before taking it.Hormones may help form Social memorySo, according to research researchers, whims, good or bad, reinforce previous relationships.
“My view of what oxytocin is doing in the brain makes social information more prominent,” Young said. “It helps connect areas of the brain that are involved in the processing of social information such as vision, face, sound, and smell, and link those areas to the brain’s reward system.”
Oxytocin and anxiety
Oxytocin not only builds social ties and builds trust among people, but it can also produce the opposite reaction. Researchers say oxytocin can cause anxiety and jealousy when it is made in certain parts of the brain, according to a mouse study published at PNAS in 2020. Said in a statement..
Oxytocin is usually produced in a region of the brain called the hypothalamus. However, hormones may also be produced in the “stria terminalis nucleus” (BNST).This part of the brain plays an important role in the body Stress reaction..
In this study, researchers analyzed the brain and behavior of mice and found that mice show signs of social anxiety when oxytocin is produced in BNST.
What is Oxytocin Spray?
Oxytocin nasal spray is also being considered for use in the treatment of autism, a neuropathy characterized by the struggle with social functioning. Live Science previously reported.. Studies published in the journal in 2017 PNAS Shows increased levels of oxytocin in children autism You can improve their social ability.
In this study of 32 children aged 6 to 12 years, scientists found that this treatment had the greatest impact on people with the lowest natural levels of oxytocin in advance.
“When you think about using oxytocin to treat illnesses like autism, you want to make sure you do it in situations where social information is positive,” Young said.
However, the use of oxytocin spray outside the medical context is much more troublesome. Sprays sold online without a prescription promise stress relief and social comfort. In 2019, they Approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Especially for treatment-resistant depression. Little is known about the effectiveness and side effects of sprays for other treatments.
There are no long-term studies on the side effects of legal oxytocin sprays used in hormonal studies. Most studies give people only one dose of hormone. Pitocin, according to a synthetic version of oxytocin that is given intravenously to stimulate labor Health line.. This can prevent complications from delayed childbirth, but it also carries risks such as infection and overstimulation of the uterus.
This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide medical advice.
Oxytocin: Facts about “Hug Hormones”
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