Is the market collapsing? no. Analysts say what’s happening with stocks and bonds as the Fed aims to end the era of easy funding.


The average American is wondering what’s wrong with Wall Street as the stock market has fallen and bond yields have skyrocketed in recent weeks, leading to so-called revisions to the Nasdaq Composite Index.

Increasingly, Google search has focused on market (and economic) conditions, and for good reason.

Dow Jones Industrial Average

just Post the worst weekly loss since October 2020 and S & P 500

Nasdaq Composite Index

According to Dow Jones market data, it recorded the worst weekly percentage decline since March 20, 2020.

read: The first meeting of the Federal Reserve Board in 2022 is imminent as the risk of inflation outside the control of policy makers increases.

A search on Google picked up the following popular queries: “Is the market collapsing?” And “Why is the market collapsing?”

What is a market crash?

Indeed, as long as the term “crash” is a quantifiable market condition, the market has not crashed. Decreased stocks and other assets are sometimes described in hyperbolic terms that give little substance about the importance of transfers.

There is no exact definition of “crash”, but it is usually explained in terms of time, sudden, and / or severity.

Jay Hatfield, Chief Investment Officer of Infrastructure Capital Management, told MarketWatch on Saturday that the crash could be seen as a loss of assets of at least 50%. This can happen quickly or over a year, but we acknowledge that the term may also be used. It’s too loose to explain a mundane recession.He saw bitcoin
+ 0.52%

Move as a crashfor example.

He said the current downturn in the overall stock market did not meet his definition of crash in any way, but said stocks were vulnerable.

“I haven’t crashed, but it’s very weak,” Hatfield said.

what’s happening?

Equity benchmarks have been significantly readjusted from lofty heights as the economy heads for a new monetary policy regime in the fight against pandemics and rising inflation.In addition to that, questions about parts of the economy and foreign events, etc. Sino-US relations, Conflict between Russia and UkraineWhen Middle East anxietyAlso contributes to a bearish or pessimistic tone for investors.

At the confluence of uncertainties, there are markets that are under or near amendment, or markets that are heading towards bearish markets. This is a term used more accurately when talking about market declines.

Of course, the recent decline in stock prices is nothing new, but it may be a little disturbing for new investors, and perhaps some veterans.

Nasdaq Composite Index Corrections entered Last Wednesday, we saw a drop of at least 10% from the recent peak on November 19. This meets the commonly used Wall Street definition for modification. The Nasdaq Composite Index was last revised on March 8, 2021. On FridayThe Nasdaq Composite Index was more than 14% below its November peak and was heading towards the so-called bear market. This is usually described by market technicians as a drop of at least 20% from the recent peak.

On the other hand, the 30 Dow Jones Industrial Averages, which are excellent stocks, are 6.89% below the January 4 high, which is 3.11 percentage points from the revision at the closing price on Friday. The S & P 500 was down 8.31% from the January 3rd record, but only 1.69 percentage points since entering the fix.

Notable is the small cap Russell 2000 Index.

It was 18.6 percent from the recent peak and 1.4 percent points from the bear market.

Underpinning the change in bullish sentiment are the three Federal Reserve approaches to tightening monetary policy. Based on market-based forecasts, raise benchmark interest rates currently in the range of 0% to 0.25% at least three times. And as the central bank tried to act as a market backstop during the March 2020 plunge caused by an economic-shaking pandemic, it shrank its balance sheet by nearly $ 9 trillion.

In summary, central bank tactics to counter the explosion of high inflation remove hundreds of billions of dollars of liquidity from the market flooded with Fed funding and government fiscal stimulus during the coronavirus crisis. Probably.

Uncertainty about economic growth this year and the outlook for high interest rates will require investors to revise the prices of technology and high-growth stocks. These valuations are not only specifically related to the present value of cash flows, but also undermine speculative assets such as cryptocurrencies.As Bitcoin
+ 0.52%

And Ethereum
+ 1.42%

“The Fed’s excess liquidity has had the effect of inflating many asset classes, including memetics, unprofitable tech stocks and SPACs.[special-purpose acquisition companies]And cryptocurrencies, “Hatfield said.

He said the rise in yields on 10-year government bonds
Rising more than 20 basis points in 2022 and recording the greatest progress at the beginning of the new year since 2009 is a sign of expectations for liquidity loss.

“Despite market commentary, liquidity is the main driver, not interest rates, because almost all listed stocks have about the same term / interest rate sensitivity, and tech stocks are interest rates. The rise will not be disproportionately affected. ”

In any case, the Federal Open Market Committee for rate setting may spend a meeting from January 25th to 26th. Build the foundation For further shifts in policy that the market is trying to price valuations.

How often does the market fall?

Investors should be allowed to think that the market will only go up. The stock market is resilient even during a pandemic.

Still, Wall Street is experiencing frequent declines of over 5%.

Sam Stovall, CFRA’s chief investment strategist, said he sees the current market downturn as a “very typical fall.”

“Is it a crash? No. But, believe it or not, it’s an average decline,” he told MarketWatch over the weekend.

“I would say the market is doing what it does. The bull market raises the escalator, but the bear market lowers the elevator. As a result, people are very scared when the market falls. “I will.”

Stovall prefers to categorize market declines on an overall scale and does not provide a specific criterion for “crash”.

“”[Declines of] From zero to 5%, I call it noise, but the closer it gets to 5%, the louder the noise, “he said. He said a 5% -10% drop was considered a pullback, a drop of at least 10% was his correction, and a drop of 20% or more was a bear market.

Salil Meta, a statistician and former analyst director for the US Treasury’s TARP program after the 2008 financial crisis, said the S & P 500 could fall 10% to 14% from here, given that it fell by more than 8%. He told MarketWatch that he had sex. It’s 31%, but there’s a one-fifth chance that it’s down 30% or more from the current level.

Statisticians said, “There is a similar probability that the current drawdown will eventually double in size.” And with a similar probability, the current drawdown will end instead. “

Stovall said it’s important to know that the market can quickly retreat after a recession. He said it could take an average of 135 days for the S & P 500 to be corrected from peak to trough and an average of 116 days to return to the break-even point, based on data back in World War II. Said.

Stovall states that this recession can also be exacerbated by seasonal factors. Researchers said the market tended to go wrong in the second year of the president’s term. “We call it a slump in second grade,” he said.

“Compared to the other three years of the presidential term, sophomore volatility was 40% higher,” he said.

Another factor to consider, Stovall said, is that the market tends to do a lot of digestion a year after returns are above 20%. The S & P 500 recorded a 26.89% increase in 2021 and has fallen 7.7% so far in 2022.

There were 20 other opportunities for the S & P 500 index to rise by more than 20% in the calendar year and experience a decline of at least 5% the following year. In the first half of the new year, after a big rise in the previous year, the market returned to the 100% break-even point when these declines occurred 12 times.

Stovall states that it is not statistically significant, but it is still noteworthy.

What should investors do?

The best strategy during a recession may not be a strategy at all, but it all depends on your risk tolerance and your duration. “Doing nothing is often the best strategy,” says Hatfield.

He also pointed out the defense sector, such as consumer staple foods.
+ 0.08%

And energy
This is often a good option for investors looking to hedge in the face of potential volatility, with sound dividends and high-yielding investments such as preferred stock.

Financial experts usually warn against doing something in a hurry, but some Americans say they have more reasons to worry than others, depending on their age and investment profile. According to strategists, older people may want to discuss the situation with their financial advisers, and younger investors may be able to hold on if they are happy with their current investment settings.

Withdrawals can be an opportunity for asset accumulation if investors are careful and wise in choosing to invest. However, recessions often lead to hive thinking, and market participants sell in large numbers.

Hatfield said the market has fallen and “tends to shake investor confidence and increase sales.”

After all, investors need to be cautious and wise about what they think of the market, even in the face of so-called crashes.

Is the market collapsing? no. Analysts say what’s happening with stocks and bonds as the Fed aims to end the era of easy funding.

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