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    How to speed up rollout in poorer countries

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    Production of the COVID-19 vaccine has expanded significantly.World production is currently estimated to be over 1.5 billion times Moon, rapidly the world 11.3 billion doses 80% of teens and adults need to be vaccinated Potentially bring The pandemic has come to an end. The total output is End of 2021..

    Protection World population Vaccine access remains a challenge for many low- and middle-income countries, despite increased production, while limited supply is no longer an immediate obstacle.Poor country Much behind Richer in terms of COVID-19 Vaccination rate..Less than 3% of people Low-income countries Fully vaccinated.

    As the world approaches the theoretical ability to vaccinate everyone, more needs to be done to ensure that doses are given to those who need them. there is. This is what gets in the way.

    Expand production

    Part of the problem is that production is concentrated in a relatively small number of countries. Most people import the COVID-19 vaccine, 80% of exports Coming from only 10 countries, low and middle income countries are rarely present in the COVID-19 vaccine supply chain. As a result, they do not have immediate access to the supplies they are making, but when trying to secure imports, Defeated by a wealthy country, Usually overorder.

    One way vaccine producers are trying to solve this problem is to diversify who makes the vaccine.For example, AstraZeneca Siam Bioscience In Thailand, we manufacture vaccines for this region in Southeast Asia. Johnson & Johnson Aspen Pharmacare To increase supply to Africa in South Africa.

    Other countries are also becoming producers. Vietnamese The manufacturer plans to manufacture the Russian Sputnik V vaccine.When Egypt Signed a contract that could produce one billion doses of Sinovac vaccine each year. Many are used to supply Africa.

    An additional benefit of these agreements is the production of vaccines near where they are needed. The expanding supply chain is causing problems around the world, and the medical supply chain is under pressure throughout the pandemic. We hope that shortening the supply chain will reduce the exposure of low- and middle-income countries to shortages and pressure elsewhere in the world.

    again, Patent abandonment For COVID-19 vaccines, the state legally permits the production of existing vaccine doses without the involvement of the pharmaceutical company that developed them. But so far, the request for this has not been successful.

    Vaccine forgiveness does not solve access problems on its own. For low-income countries to produce their own doses Technology and knowledge Must be assigned with legal production rights. You will also need financial support.At the time of writing this, the vaccine producer Still free to share The knowledge behind their products.

    Supply does not end at the border

    You also have to deal with shipping. The logistics of deploying the COVID-19 vaccine in a low- and middle-income environment can be very difficult.

    road Access to the remote community can be non-existent, dangerous, or in poor repair condition.of IndonesiaFor example, authorities find it difficult to do that Get the dose To a community on a particular island.But these are Task You can overcome it. In Bhutan, vaccines need to reach mountainous areas that are difficult to reach by plane or on foot. In countries such as Malawi and Vanuatu Drone.. With proper planning and ingenuity, delivery rates can be increased.

    On the other hand, keeping the COVID-19 vaccine at the required temperature during transportation and in the warehouse Of particular concern.. But this is not new.Ebola vaccination Also, it must be stored at ultra-low temperature, Distributed successfully To areas like the northeastern region affected by the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.This experience of fighting the outbreak of illness Should be beneficial This time, set the required logistics.

    Vaccination requires human contact

    Ultimately, people should be willing to get vaccinated. You also need people and facilities to administer the vaccine.However, there is an important point Shortage of medical staff Low and around the world Middle income country I was particularly badly affected.

    Staff need special training to receive COVID-19 vaccination. That’s why the World Health Organization offers it. Online training For frontline staff in a wide range of languages. Local knowledge is also essential to set vaccination points that meet the needs of the population. There is no point in providing a vaccine if people cannot or do not want to be vaccinated.

    Hesitation is also a barrier in some places, such as East African countries. Uganda When Tanzania.. Consistent messaging is needed to overcome it, and authorities need to engage with the general public on certain concerns. Linked to religion Or cultural factors or Fear of safety.. Lessons learned in one country are unlikely to be transferred directly to another, but they can inform effective strategies for development.

    Access to the COVID-19 vaccine is extremely unfair and the pandemic will not end until it is addressed.that’s all 2.3% of people In low-income countries, they receive at least one dose.In the UK, that number is Nearly 90%..There is a moral imperative to change this, and Economical that too. World trade cannot recover properly until the virus is suppressed.

    Ending the pandemic means making higher doses available to low-income countries. We need to be good at providing vaccines in hard-to-reach areas of the world. And that means ensuring that people in low-income countries want to be vaccinated. NS Vaccine production It’s important to remember that all three points need to be addressed as the ratchet continues.

    Covax vaccinated only 20% of people in poor countries in 2021

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