In the United States, gun violence increased by 31% in the first 13 months. COVID-19 PandemicI don’t know why.
“We know that gun violence is on the rise in the United States, but this was a huge leap from the previous year,” he said. Paddy Sentongo At Pennsylvania State University. “I was surprised at how great the results were.”
He and his colleagues were in the first 13 months of the pandemic (March 1, 2020 to March 31, 2021) and 13 months before the start of the pandemic (January 31, 2019 to February 29, 2020). Japan) compared the rates of gun violence in each state of the United States.
The team used data from Non-profit Gun Violence Archive, Collect police records of both gun injuries and deaths.
For example, between 2018 and 2019, the number of gun injuries in the United States increased by 7% from 28,000 to 30,000. However, during the covid-19 pandemic, researchers found that gun injuries increased by 33%, from 32,348 in the pre-pandemic period to 43,288 in the first 13 months of the pandemic.
The team also found a particularly significant rise in 28 states. Gun violence During a pandemic that includes Iowa, Vermont, and North Dakota. Minnesota saw the best jump with a 120% rise.
Overall, the team found that the number of deaths in the United States associated with the use of guns during a pandemic was 21,504, a 29% increase from 16,687 deaths in the 13 months prior to the pandemic. Summing up both gun injuries and deaths, the team found a 31.2% increase in pandemic incidents.
The only state in which gun violence was significantly reduced during the pandemic was Alaska, with a 33 percent reduction. “The important thing to note here is that these percentage changes don’t tell us how violent these states were in the first place,” says Ssentongo. “For example, the level of gun violence is already quite low in Alaska,” so the number of gun violence has not decreased as much as in other states.
Researchers were also unable to determine how many of these gun deaths were suicides or murders, as some of the police cases were ongoing. “I wanted to analyze this,” says Ssentongo. “I’m still not sure if the pandemic has increased the suicide rate.”
However, Ssentongo’s findings correlate with the increase in gun purchase background checks conducted by the FBI during the pandemic. From March to June 2020, the FBI performed 42% more of these checks compared to the same month in 2019. A Recent research Researchers at Harvard University and Northeastern University found that 6.5% of adults in the United States bought guns in 2020, up from 5.3% in 2019.
“We know that when people get a gun, they are more likely to be involved in gun violence,” says Ssentongo.
“It’s shocking that we know very little about this rise,” he says. Mark Rosenberg In the United States Global Health Task Force, former gun violence played a leading role in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “There has been little research on gun violence in the United States for 20 years, and the lack of knowledge about it reflects that.”
Journal reference: Science report, DOI: 10.1038 / s41598-021-98813-z
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Gun Violence: In the United States, a 30% increase was seen during the covid-19 pandemic
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