European leaders call attention when the EU clashes with Poland

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Recent battles have focused on the Polish Constitutional Court’s ruling two weeks ago that EU treaty law became incompatible with Polish law, an unprecedented ruling by a national court. The ruling was submitted in response to a legal question posed by Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Moravietski.

The decision, after Poland refused to implement an EU court order to close a government-made trial to discipline judges this summer, is against the legal order of the block and the threat to its court’s authority. It fuels concerns around the EU.

Leaders spent more than two hours discussing the situation on Thursday, and Moravietsuki began the talks by defending Poland’s position at the roundtable. Standoff. They said he didn’t give a definite answer.

The European Commission, the executive body of the block, has promised action against Poland.

The EU has already withheld billions of euros in Covid-19 recovery funds from Poland for this and other judicial decisions, and the government is facing major domestic protests on this issue. We are preparing further legal action against.The Commission is also considering triggering new mechanisms that may allow it to block regular budget funding. Poland, the largest net beneficiary of EU cash..

Officials said leaders called for a dialogue between Poland and Brussels on Thursday, but if it didn’t reverse the course, they left all the major options to put pressure on Poland on the table. rice field.

The fierce battle of several years of skirmishes between the Western European countries that founded the EU and Conservative-controlled Poland and Hungary has recently added an unexpected twist.

Some of the EU’s largest member states, including France, Germany, and other countries that have openly criticized Warsaw, pressure the Commission not to rush to take steps that could deepen the conflict with Warsaw. I’m wearing it. They are concerned that swift pressure could urge Poland to respond by blocking the EU’s decision band and weaken Poland’s support for the EU.

At the same time, the European Commission is facing pressure from EU parliamentarians to act faster. The European Parliament said Wednesday that it was preparing a proceeding against the Commission for failing to implement the budget blocking mechanism.

Morawicki, who arrived at the summit on Thursday, showed no signs of compromise. He said Polish courts and lawmakers would not “act under the pressure of extortion.”

The EU has withheld billions of euros from Poland’s Covid-19 recovery fund. This week, EU member states will launch a flag in Strasbourg, France.


Photo:

ronald wittek / pool / Shutterstock

Germany’s retiring Prime Minister Angela Merkel has repeatedly called for dialogue. She said member states need to discuss political differences, some member states insist on deeper EU integration, and others demand greater sovereignty.

“A series of legal disputes in the European Court of Justice does not solve the question of how to actually practice the rule of law, so we must find ways and possibilities to come together on this. “Hmm,” she said. ECJ is the EU Supreme Court.

EU officials and diplomats have recently signaled that Germany, France and the Netherlands, which have announced that Prime Minister Mark Rutte will call Poland over democratic standards, want to avoid the fight at the summit. I am. Oppose the final Commission action against Poland.

French President Emmanuel Macron said he had met with Morawicki before the Thursday rally and urged him to engage in a dialogue to find a compromise that “fits our principles and common rules.” A person near him said.

Leaders, who have also challenged past EU court decisions, are involved in a dispute with Poland over whether EU treaty law beats domestic law, according to EU officials and diplomats. I was especially wary of that.

They ordered the Commission to support the argument as growing concerns about the independence of the judiciary in Poland, exacerbated by Poland’s decision to ignore the EU court’s decision to review the judiciary. .. Committee staff are available.

Nonetheless, some EU leaders on Thursday suggested that patience with Poland was weakening.

Poland “must take the necessary steps” to restore judicial independence, Rutte said. “It’s indisputable.”

“The core issue is the independence of the Polish judiciary,” Ursula von der Leyen, chairman of the Commission, said Thursday. “This is not new … but due to a recent ruling [Polish] The Constitutional Court, which has taken a new dimension. “

Since winning presidential and parliamentary elections in 2015, Polish law and the Justice Party have banished judges and attempted to control the court system, which states that it is too isolated from the will of voters. rice field. Early in his term, President Andrzej Duda prevented judges from the Constitutional Court appointed by the previous administration from taking office, and instead justice ideologically aligned with the conservative nationalist vision of law and justice. Meet them with.

This paved the way for Congress to create a new disciplinary committee with judges effectively elected by the ruling party. That authority included the ability of judges to be fined or demoted. Poland has since said it will dismantle the disciplinary action, but has ignored the ECJ’s deadline for doing so. It also did not come up with its control over the Constitutional Court.

Authorities say the committee is following a twin-track approach. We continue to talk with Warsaw about unlocking the first tranche of the Block’s Covid-19 Recovery Fund, which has allocated around € 36 billion to Poland.

Immediate payments are currently off the table following a Polish court ruling. But if Poland signals a compromise, it could be possible again later this year, for example by setting a date to abolish disciplinary action, officials said.

The Commission is also preparing a new ECJ proceeding against Poland and collecting proceedings against Poland using a new rule of law mechanism to block budgetary funds. However, in response to warnings in the capital, the Commission is likely to bid that time before escalating the threat of sanctions.

Write in Lawrence Norman laurence.norman@wsj.com And Drew Hinsho drew.hinshaw@wsj.com

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European leaders call attention when the EU clashes with Poland

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The post European leaders call attention when the EU clashes with Poland appeared first on Eminetra.

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