The Great Wall — built during the 2,000 years to strengthen the northern frontier of China — is made up of several overlapping walls that run parallel to each other.Collectively, they grow Over 13,000 miles (21,000 kilometers) — More than half the circumference of the earth. But these vast walls Average height of 25.6 feet (7.8 meters), do you really protect China from the outside world?
The answer depends heavily on how you define the success and failure of the wall. The Chinese built walls as a masterpiece of defensive architecture, and the Chinese forces controlling these barriers did help stop the attacks of some intruders, but the Great Wall never invaded. It wasn’t possible. In other words, it may or may not have helped protect China.
On the one hand, it was also a manifestation of the wealth of the Chinese Empire, architectural expertise, and engineering prowess. In this regard, it definitely continues to be successful, as the ruling Communist Party has adopted the wall as a patriotic symbol.
The Chinese began to build a wall at the northernmost tip of the country around 700 BC, but the Great Wall project began in earnest for the first time when Qin Shi Huang unified China’s Warring States in 221 BC. He instructed the peasants to connect existing forts to protect his fast-growing empire from various nomadic tribes in the Mongolian region. According to Britannica.. The emperor then further expanded and strengthened the wall and added a beacon tower. The Beacon Tower may light up to send messages about upcoming attacks. By the 1300s, the walls were beginning to look like they are today.
The walls helped the Chinese empire prepare for the invasion and purchased valuable time for the Chinese troops to mobilize. According to the book, it was also used to lure enemy troops into a dangerous situation.Great Wall from history to myth“(Cambridge University Press, 1990) by Arthur Waldron, Professor of International Relations, Faculty of History, University of Pennsylvania. For example, in 1428, a Chinese general pushed Mongolian troops against a wall, defeating escape routes and them. increase.
However, the Great Wall of China did not guarantee safety. The walls are not adjacent — initially used to put together defenses that were not so difficult for the troops to pass geographically — in some cases, intruders simply marched through different sections. .. But one of the most notorious failures of the wall brought the end of the entire dynasty of rulers.
Julia Lovell, a professor of contemporary Chinese history and literature at Birkbeck University in London, said: .. Ravel told Live Science that the disgruntled Chinese general only opened the door to bring the Manchus into China. After that, the Manchus founded the Qing dynasty in 1644 and continued until 1912.
Due to its ultimate failure, by the 19th century many people in China regarded the Great Wall as a “very expensive strategic fool,” Ravel said.
This negative perception lasted for quite some time. Louise Edwards, Professor Emeritus of Chinese History at the University of New South Wales, Australia, said: However, after that, some rehabilitation took place in 1912, when the nationalist revolution expelled the last Qing emperor and founded the republic. In the absence of a monarch, new leaders were looking for ways to connect the vast nation with many different cultures. “They were looking around for symbols to create a new national identity,” Edwards said.
The Great Wall of China was one of the world’s largest construction projects built by hard-working residents of China and was a perfect example of what can be achieved by unity. “PR has changed a bit,” Edwards said. When the Communists took over in 1949, the same story fit into their political ideology. Edwards said the modern success of the wall lies in this same symbolic value. “All that symbolism is very important,” she told Live Science. “This is its true lasting power.”
Originally published on Live Science.
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