South Indian officials are working to stop the potential for fatal outbreaks Nipah virus According to news reports, after the boy died of a rare virus last week.
According to the report, a 12-year-old boy was admitted to a hospital in Calicut, a city in Kerala, India, with symptoms of fever and brain inflammation. NPR.. He was diagnosed with a Nipah virus infection and died on September 5.
After his death, authorities rushed to identify and quarantine those who had close contact with the boy. By September 6, authorities had identified 188 contacts, 20 of whom were considered close contacts and were either quarantined or monitored in hospitals. CBS News.. On September 7, eight close contacts were tested negative for the virus.
However, at least two health care workers who came into contact with the boy began to show symptoms of a viral infection and were hospitalized while waiting for test results to confirm the infection. CBS News reported.. Authorities also blocked areas within a two-mile (3.2 km) radius of the boy’s home and investigated the outbreak.
Nipah virus is found naturally in the genus fruit bats Flying fox, It can jump to other animals, including humans, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).. The virus can cause swelling of the brain, known as encephalitis, and symptoms include fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation, and confusion. According to the CDC, people infected with the virus can fall into a coma within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms.
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According to the virus, the virus is very deadly, with a case fatality rate of up to 75%. World Health Organization.. This is much higher than the case fatality rate of COVID-19, which is estimated to be about 2% overall, using data on cases and mortality since the onset of the pandemic. However, Nipah virus is much less contagious than coronavirus and causes COVID-19.For example, the coronavirus delta mutant Basic reproduction number, Or R0 (pronounced R naught) is about 7, which means that each infected person spreads the virus to the other 7 people on average. NPR.. In contrast, Nipah virus R0 is estimated to be about 0.5. Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security..
According to the CDC, the Nipah virus was first discovered in 1999 and has occurred in Malaysia and Singapore in connection with pig farms, killing more than 100 people. Since then, the virus has caused outbreaks primarily in Bangladesh and India.
According to NPR, Kerala previously experienced a Nipah virus outbreak in 2018, killing more than 12 people. The current outbreak is due to the high rate of COVID-19 cases in Kerala. In recent weeks, the state has reported the highest number of new COVID-19 cases per day of all states in India.
Originally published in Live Science.
Deadly Nipah virus kills boy in India, prompts worries over outbreak Source link Deadly Nipah virus kills boy in India, prompts worries over outbreak