College students in declining mental, physical health one year into COVID-19, study shows

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After a survey of pre-COVID-19 college students in a pandemic year I study, an international team of scientists found that improving student mental health, even after the introduction of vaccines and relaxation of social distance methods. Was not detected. In many cases, not to mention returning to campus.

actual, Spring In 2021, there was a significant decline both physically and physically. Emotional health— Students have a 35% reduction in daily steps and a 36% increase in their risk of clinical depression. This is about half of all the students surveyed.

Scientists, including one each from the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University, the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, said biometrics. Survey data From several groups of University student (Total 1,179) December 2, 2019, published online from Spring 2019 to Spring 2021 Science report..

“We were surprised when the data showed that some of the early lifestyle and mental health turmoil that occurred in the spring of 2020 continued until the spring of 2021 while the restrictions were lifted. “That’s what labor expert Osea Giuntella said. Health economics Kenneth P. Dietrich Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.

Researchers said in a paper published earlier this year Minutes of the National Academy of Sciences ((((PNAS).Using pandemic spring 2020 international pre-onset data, we recorded significant disruptions in college students’ sleep, physical activity, social interactions, and even screening time. A Scientific Reports paper examines that “a year of lifestyle and mental health turmoil” continues in these COVID eras. New studies contribute to a greater focus on habit formation and adaptation to environmental changes, but a data-distilled view of how this subset suffered from changes in physical and mental well-being. Provide. -semester.

“I’m worried about these long-term effects of the pandemic. Lifestyle and mental health did not recover when the pandemic began to ease, so develop interventions to reduce sedentary habits and improve well-being. That’s important, “said Assistant Professor Sylvia Saccardo, at the Department of Social Decision Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Dietrich College of Humanities.

The survey included five cohorts of students at the University of Pittsburgh from Spring 2019 to Spring 2021, with a median age of 19 and 95% of respondents under the age of 23. The data was collected via the wearable device that the student used in the first semester. The first two “waves” occurred in the spring and fall semesters of 2019, before COVID-19 took root. The Spring 2020 cohort began in February 2020, just a month before the pandemic returned Americans to work and study, and continued until April 2020. Some continued until July 2020. The last two cohorts were in the fall semester and February of September-November 2020. -May 2021 Spring semester. April 2021 marks the beginning of the availability of COVID-19 vaccination in Pennsylvania, with 95% of the students surveyed receiving at least the first dose and 85% of both by the end of May. I received the administration.

their Physical activity From 4,600 steps per day from March to April 2020 to 6,300 steps from May to July 2020 to 6,900 steps from September to November 2020, and this past spring, February 2021 From to 6,400 until May. Nonetheless, it did not return to pre-pandemic levels of 9,800 steps per day. The same thing happens during their daily active or non-sitting hours, from 4.3 hours before the pandemic to 2.9 hours at the start of the pandemic, and both this past fall (2020) and spring (2021) semesters. It was in the range of about 3.6 hours.

Screening time remained “significantly” higher than pre-pandemic levels, although the time spent on social interactions doubled significantly from 40 minutes to 1.5 hours in the first year.

Using the Center for Epidemiological Depression Scale, mental health, Researchers have found that the symptoms of depression increase significantly from the spring of 2020 to the spring of 2021. At the start of the 2020 pandemic, student scores increased by 50%, but overall were 24% higher than the pre-pandemic levels recorded in the spring of 2021.

In the end, the researchers estimated that by the spring of 2021, 42-56% of participants were at risk of clinical depression.

“Our results show how important it is for universities to take precautions and find ways to improve their mental and physical health,” said Giuntella and Saccardo.


COVID-related depression associated with decreased physical activity


For more information:
Lifestyle and mental health one year after COVID-19, Science report (2021). DOI: 10.1038 / s41598-021-02702-4 , www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-02702-4

Quote: COVID-19 college student with 1 year of poor mental and physical health, research show (2021, December 2nd) https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-12-college-students-declining -Obtained December 2, 2021 from mental-physical.html

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