California’s housing crisis is looming for Gavin Newsom

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Median Home Prices in California Stopped $ 800,000.. Tenants in the state are one of the most costly in the country. Every night more than 100,000 residents sleep outside or in the car. NS crisis,disaster, Religion of sadness, NS shame — Whatever journalists and politicians call it People all over the state, Including all major candidates for the governor With the call election This week I agree that the situation is unacceptable.

The question is what the governor can do about it. This is what Governor Gavin Newsom has been discussing for the past three years. And now, he’s paying close to $ 300 million and has won a decisive victory in the call election, which has consumed the attention of the state and governor for several months, so Mr. Newsom is paying attention to issues such as housing. ..

In many ways, it’s different from the answer he had when he took office in 2019.

The current focus is Senate Bill 9, This allows duplication in the neighborhood of the whole state, Hundreds of unsigned invoices It was piled up on Mr. Newsom’s desk during the recall campaign. But even if Mr. Newsom signed, this is what he is widely expected to do in the next few days, but his legacy of housing is more than his administration’s ability to enforce them. It may not be about the law passed to your watch. This is far more to the state’s housing policy than it was a few years ago, after years of state dissatisfaction with local governments making it difficult to build homes in California. Because I got a lot of power.

Mr Newsom’s administration has embraced the role, suing the city for not having enough buildings to keep up with population growth, creating a team to ensure that the city approves new homes, etc. I took action. The move is part of a nationwide shift of power from the city council to the state capitol, which exceeds the $ 1 trillion housing construction market annually.

Ben Metcalf, Managing Director of the Terner Center for Housing Innovation at the University of California, Berkeley, said: “It has changed.”

Democratic Newsam said a pandemic emergency by extending the state’s peasant eviction moratorium even if the federal government expired and pouring money into homeless funds and programs from the state’s budget surplus and various coronavirus relief packages. I tried to get over it.turn around Hotel to support housing..

However, California remains one of the most difficult places to build a home in the United States, causing an imbalance between supply and demand. This is at the forefront of the national issue of depriving middle-income households of ownership, with one in four rental households paying more than half of their pre-tax income for rent.

Planners, economists, and both parties Have been sought after for a long time The state states that it will use their power to alleviate housing shortages by breaking local log jams. They point out that suburban governments have little incentive to solve the problem because they are accountable to homeowners who prefer only higher prices. That conundrum has plagued potential home reformers, at least since the 1970s. It surfaced during a California national dismissal campaign at a Republican debate. The candidate talked a lot about adding a home, but avoided discussing where the home would go.

These often contradictory comments were a complete encapsulation of the mood of Californians. They are universally dissatisfied with the state’s living expenses and the tent cities that have emerged along highways, parks and beaches. But homeowners continue to tightly protect their power to say what will be built near them. Kevin Faulconer, a former mayor of San Diego and a Republican candidate for the call election, Except for running away “Looking at some of these laws that want to eliminate single-family zoning in California, it’s wrong,” he said, from his own densification policy in California’s second-largest city.

Newsom tried to follow this same line. In 2018, he saidMarshall Plan “For housing” with the goal of providing 3.5 million New housing unit by 2025. When he got to the governor’s chair, he began to regret his appearance, which became the feed for Larry Elder, the host of the talk show, his main opponent of the recall. Grabbed it As an example of a broken promise. Elder didn’t need advanced research to find the wrong numbers. In a state that allows about 100,000 homes a year, it’s nearly physically impossible to provide 3.5 million homes (35-year homes at the current pace).

Since then, Newsam has been largely silent on large-scale zoning methods.He didn’t take a position Senate Bill 50Controversial measures that would have allowed neighborhood apartment buildings throughout the state. And he was largely quiet about Senate Bill 9, which had passed both houses of the state legislature and remained on his desk.

What he did instead was to enforce existing legislation more aggressively than his predecessor.Two weeks after Mr. Newsom took office, the Attorney General of California Sued Huntington Beach fails to plan enough new homes.Since then, the State Department of Housing and Community Development has Hundreds of letters Instruct the city to change or simplify the planning code to comply with state law.

The governor’s latest budget has allocated $ 4.3 million to staff.Housing accountability unitConsists of planners and lawyers who monitor local government housing decisions and intervene if they do not comply with state law.

Zoning has received most of the attention in the California housing debate because it defines the physical characteristics of the neighborhood and the people who may live next door. But over the past few years, the legislature has quietly passed through many smaller steps that have fundamentally changed the relationship between state and local government when they are united. The new rules change the amount that residential cities have to plan, make it difficult for developers to prevent them from building, and ultimately deprive them of money and control of the area if they are too far from state obligations. increase.

As they move more surveillance of their homes from rural areas to Sacramento, the question of how aggressively those laws are enforced has fallen to the executive branch.It ’s one thing that the state passes the law. Separate neighbors, Save More land for public housing Ask the city to allow Backyard cottage.. If implementing them is not a priority — length in the meantime Case In housing law — they must be ignored.

In a post-recall interview, Newsom’s senior counselor Jason Elliot, who works on housing policy, rattles a series of esoteric texts of bill numbers and plan codes, and dozens of rarely used homes. Pointed out the regulation. Environmental measures that support increased density to reduce car trips. Various laws permitting backyard units.How developers sue the city Do not follow your own zoning rules.. These are the types of legislation that the new Home Accountability Department is trying to enforce.

“We can never say that the law has been passed, and we can’t do much more,” Elliott said. “But if you want to see the unit emerge, what you really need to do is get dozens of people to think about this and this and empower the city to reach out.”

Will Newsom get nearly 3.5 million new units? No. Even if it were politically possible, it would put a strain on timber and labor supply.

It took decades for California to fall into such a terrible housing crisis. Lofty rhetoric and promises to millions of units are the slogans of the campaign, but the reality looks like a slow digging process.

California’s housing crisis is looming for Gavin Newsom

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