Some cities in Brazil offer booster shots of the COVID-19 vaccine, but most people have not yet received a second jab. This is a sign of concern for the highly contagious delta mutation.
Rio de Janeiro is currently the epicenter of a Brazilian subspecies, home to one of the largest elderly populations, and began receiving boosters on Wednesday. The northeastern cities of Salvador and San Luis begin on Monday, and the most populous cities in São Paulo begin on September 6. The rest of the country will continue next week.
France, Israel, China and Chile are one of the countries that provide boosters to some older people, but in these countries more than 30% of people who received two vaccinations in Brazil are full. Has been vaccinated against. The US plan to begin delivering booster shots by September 20 for most Americans faces complications that may delay the third dose of people receiving the Moderna vaccine. Administrative officer Said on friday.
According to pollster Datafolha, about 9 out of 10 Brazilians have already been or will be vaccinated. Most people got the first shot, but not the second shot.
The number of cases and deaths in Brazil has declined for two months, with 621 reported deaths in the seven days leading up to September 2. This is well below the April peak, when more than 3,000 deaths were reported in seven days. Elderly Brazilians have expressed concern about the effectiveness of China’s Sinovac vaccine against delta variants and are urging authorities to provide booster shots.
Even after months of public criticism by President Jair Bolsonaro, Diana Dos Santos, 71, was vaccinated with two Sinobac vaccines. Dos Santos, who lives in the low-income Marais district of Rio, has diabetes and was hospitalized for heart disease. She refuses to leave the house until she gets a booster.
“I can’t go out like I used to, and I’m still afraid of all this,” said Dos Santos. “I will feel safer (with boosters).”
Due to the variant, some experts say the government should delay the deployment of boosters and focus on the distribution of second doses.Delta The most contagious variant identified, And many studies suggest that a single dose cannot prevent it. Two injections provide strong protection and result in hospitalization and death for almost all unvaccinated individuals.
Epidemiologist and professor at the Federal University of Espirito Santo recalled that pushing boosters in this early stage was not a concern given the gamma mutants that overwhelmed the Amazon city of Manaus earlier this year. He said he would only feed a new wave. In Brazil, more than 580,000 people have died from COVID-19, making it the home of the world. Toll per capita is the 8th highest..
“We seem to be in the same movie and repeating the same error,” Maciel said. “It’s only a matter of time before what’s happening in Rio leads to more and more serious incidents in other parts of the country.”
According to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, the delta variant is already predominant in Rio de Janeiro and has been detected in 86% of samples collected from patients with COVID-19. Intensive care units have reached full capacity in eight municipalities, but so far only a small increase in deaths has been recorded.
São Paulo authorities are expecting a similar scenario within the next few weeks. It registered the first confirmed death from the Delta variant on Tuesday, a 74-year-old woman received two Sinovac shots.
World wide, Suspicion has plagued Chinese vaccines, Especially because delta variants are well established in many countries. Chinese officials claim that the vaccine protects against deltas, especially in hospitalizations and severe cases.
Still, Brazil’s Health Minister Marcelo Keiroga said on August 25 that people over the age of 70 and those with weak immunity would be eligible for a third vaccination from September 15. Inoculate Pfizer vaccine if possible.He said people over the age of 18 would receive the first dose by then, although he did not address their vulnerabilities. Delta variant No second shot.
He also criticized the governor and mayor for trying to provide booster shots sooner, saying it could lead to a vaccine shortage.
Carla Domingues, a former coordinator of Brazil’s national vaccination program, agrees to the need to provide boosters for the elderly, but does not immediately provide them to people over the age of 70. Shots should be aimed first at nursing homes and bedridden people, then at people over the age of 80, and age will gradually decline as supply allows.
“There will certainly be a shortage problem because we don’t have enough vaccines,” Dominguez said.
Vaccines have been delayed in both Japan and South Korea, with less than half of the population fully vaccinated. Their government plans booster shots only in the fourth quarter of this year. Malaysia is also considering boosters, but Health Minister Kylie Jamaldin said that those who did not receive the first dose would be prioritized.
Thailand has begun to give booster shots while most people wait for vaccination, but only for health and frontline workers who have received two Sinovac shots. This decision was made after a nurse died of COVID-19 in July.
Russia, Hungary and Serbia also offer boosters, but these countries lack demand for the first shot in the abundance of supplies.
In addition to doubts about boosters, the problem is sensitive to impact For worldwide vaccine distribution.. World Health Organization Secretary-General Tedros Adhanom Gebreez called for a booster moratorium “to help the most lagging countries catch up.”
Epidemiologist Denise Garrett, vice president of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, who advocates expanding global vaccine access, said in an interview that there is no doubt about the need for two jabs, but one-third of the science. Or I haven’t seen moral legitimacy.
“The authorities giving the third dose prioritize protection against light chain deposition rather than protecting people in poor countries from death,” said Brazilian Garrett. “It’s shameful, immoral, and the injustice of this vaccine must end.”
It doesn’t shake 97-year-old Maria Menezes, who wants to spend time outside her home, where she has lived in the western part of Rio for the past 70 years.Her two daughters say Menezes wants to amplifier shot.
“She asked us to take her third vaccination“It will be important to strengthen immunity to reduce risk,” said her daughter, Christina Franca, 38. She will be more frail now, so her life will not change much after the third dose, but she will live more calmly. ”
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Brazil starts booster shots while many still await a 2nd jab Source link Brazil starts booster shots while many still await a 2nd jab