American bumblebee (Bumblebee pensyvanicusThe population has plummeted by 89% in the last 20 years, and the list of “endangered species” is imminent. US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Authorities conducted a one-year review, after which the species Endangered Species Act (ESA) provides a legal framework for protecting endangered species from extinction.
The announcement is Petition for August 2021 It supports lists created by the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD) and a group of students from the Albany Law School called the Bombus Pollinator Association of Law Students.
According to the CBD, American Bumblebee, an important pollinator of wild flowers and crops throughout North America, is located in Maine, New Hampshire, Road Island, Vermont, Idaho, North Dakota, Oregon, and Wyoming. It has completely disappeared from eight US states. In York, this species is experiencing a 99% population decline. In the other 19 states, which straddle the southeast and midwest, the population has declined by more than 50%.
“The American bumblebee was once the most common bumblebee species in North America, but without immediate action to protect it under the ESA, it will continue its amazing decline towards extinction.” The author of the petition writes.
The decline of bumblebees is due to habitat destruction, disease and exposure to pesticides. Climate change, According to CBD, loss of genetic diversity and competition with non-native bees. In fact, the states with the lowest bumblebee populations in the United States are “the same states with the highest quantitative increase in pesticide use, such as neonicotinoid pesticides and fungicides.”
Studies show that chemical pesticides commonly applied to agricultural land, such as neonicotinoids, can confuse a variety of bees. Natural homing systemMake them Susceptible to parasites such as baroamite (Baroa destructor); Interfere with their “waggle dance” — How to shake the bottom of bee communication. Further research When performed on Bombus terrestris, neonicotinoids may disrupt the bee’s natural sleep pattern, reduce daytime foraging opportunities, and limit colony growth potential. understood.
If American bumblebees are placed under ESA protection, developers and farmers who kill insects may be liable, including fines. Up to $ 13,000 Every time a protected animal is killed.
“The impact can be very important,” said Keith Hirokawa, a professor of environmental law at the Albany Law School. Bloomberg method.. To protect bee habitats from further damage, “widespread solutions will be a fundamental change in the way we build agricultural businesses.”
If an American bumblebee is added to the list, it will be the third species of the mainland Apidae species to be officially registered as an endangered species, alongside the rust-covered bumblebee.BumblebeeThe extinct Franklin bumblebee ()Bumblebee franklini), The last sighting was Oregan in 2006.
Originally published in Live Science.
American bumblebees may be officially declared endangered
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