Abolhassan Banisadr, Iran’s first president after 1979 revolution, dies – Honolulu, Hawaii


Honolulu, Hawaii 2021-10-09 07:05:00 –

Tehran, Iran >> After the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iran’s first president, Abolhassan Banisadol, died today after the country became a theocracy and was accused of trying to increase the power of priests. He was 88 years old.

In the sea of ​​Shiite priests in black, Banisadol stood out that his clothes and background were French, so the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre was the first president of Iran about 15 years before it. He confessed his belief. happened.

These differences only isolated him when the nationalist tried to run a socialist-style economy in Iran, supported by the deep Shiite beliefs planted in him by his priestly father. ..

Banisadol gave him a grip on the government that he believed to have led, with events far beyond his control, such as the hostage crisis at the U.S. embassy and the invasion of Iran by Iraq, adding to the post-revolutionary turmoil. It never hardened.

True power continued to be exerted firmly by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, who returned to Tehran during the revolution when Banisadol went into exile in France and worked with him. However, only 16 months after taking office, Khomeini set aside the vanisador and fled back to Paris, where he stayed for decades.

“I was like a kid watching my dad slowly turn into alcoholism,” Banisadol later told Khomeini. “This medicine was power.”

Banisadol’s family said in an online statement today that he died in a hospital in Paris after a long illness. Iranian state television continued their own newsletter about his death. He also did not elaborate on the illnesses that Banisadol faced.

Exiled to Iraq by Shah Mohammad Reza Paflavi, Khomeini had to leave for France in 1978 under new pressure from the Iranian monarch. Arriving in Paris and not speaking French, it was Banisadol who first gave the priest a place to live after moving his family out of the apartment to accommodate him.

Khomeini arrived at Neauphle-le-Chateau, a village outside the French capital. So, as Banisadol once told the Associated Press, he and a group of friends created or scrutinized the message delivered by Khomeini based on what the Iranians wanted to hear.

A tape recording of Khomeini’s statement was sold in Europe and delivered to Iran. Other messages were sent by phone and read by supporters of various towns in Iran. These messages laid the foundation for Khomeini’s return after the deadly ill Shah fled Iran in early 1979, but the priests were uncertain whether he was assisted, Vanisadol said. I once said.

“For me it was absolutely certain, but not for Khomeini or for many others in Iran,” Banisadol told AP in 2019.

The return saw Khomeini and his Islamic Revolution dominate the country. Banisadol became a member of the Revolutionary Council of Clergy and head of the State’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs shortly after the US Embassy in Tehran was seized by hardline students on November 4, 1979.

Reflecting what’s to come, Banisadol played its role only 18 days after seeking a negotiated end to the hostage crisis, and was put aside by Khomeini for hardliners.

The hostage criminal was “the dictator who created the government within the government,” Banisadol would later complain.

However, he remained in Khomeini’s council, promoting the nationalization of major industries and the holding of Shah’s former private sector. And in the early 1980s, after Khomeini had previously proclaimed that clergy should not hold the newly created president of Iran, it was Banisadol who won three-quarters of the vote and took office.

“Our revolutionary won’t win unless it’s exported,” he said in his inaugural address. “We intend to create a new order in which those who are robbed are not always robbed.”

As Iran’s troops were purged, Iraq invaded the country and began a bloody eight-year conflict between the two countries. Banisadol served as the commander-in-chief of the country under the orders of Khomeini. However, the failure on the battlefield and complaints from Iran’s paramilitary Revolutionary Guard Corps became the president’s political responsibility, and he survived two helicopter crashes near the front.

Parliament, dominated by hard-line priests under Khomeini’s control, impeached in June 1981 for impeachment of Banisadol’s opposition to placing priests in the country’s political system. A month later, Banisadol boarded the Boeing 707 of the Iranian Air Force and fled to France with Masoudrajabi, the leader of the left-wing extremist group Mujahedinehulk.

He came out of the plane with his trademark mustache shaved. Iranian media claimed he had fled in the guise of a woman.

Khomeini “has a heavy responsibility for the horrific disaster that has hit the country,” Banisadol said after his escape. “He mostly imposed this course on our people.”

Born March 22, 1933 in Hamedan, Iran, Banisadol grew up in a religious family. His father, Nasra Lavanisador, was Ayatollah, a Shiite prelate who opposed the policies of Shah’s father, Reza Shah.

“Even in the womb, I was a revolutionary,” Banisadol once boasted.

When he was young, he protested Shah and was imprisoned twice. He supported Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeg, who nationalized Iran’s oil industry, and was later banished during a 1953 CIA-backed coup. In anxiety in 1963, Banisadol was injured and fled to France.

Vanisador studied economics and finance at the Sorbonne University in Paris, where he later taught. He wrote books and booklets on socialism and Islam. This is the idea that guides him after entering Khomeini’s inner circle.

After leaving Iran, Banisadol and Rajabi formed the National Council of Resistance of Iran. Banisadol was withdrawn from the council in 1984 after Mujahedine Husse partnered with Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein as the war with Iran continued.

He remained outside Paris for the rest of his life under police surveillance after being targeted by an Iranian assassin suspect.

Banisadol was once again notorious after claiming that Ronald Reagan’s campaign clashed with Iranian leaders to postpone the release of hostages, thereby preventing the re-election of then-President Jimmy Carter. .. That gave rise to the idea of ​​”October surprises” in American politics. This is a powerful event that is deliberately timed enough to affect the election.

A US Senate investigator would later say in 1992, “The big weight of the evidence is that there was no such transaction.” However, after Reagan’s inauguration in 1981, US weapons began to flow to Iran via Israel, which became known as the Iran-Contra affair.

“The priest used you as a tool to eliminate democracies,” Banisadol told a former hostage in 1991 during a US tour. “The night you were taken hostage, I went to Khomeini and told him he acted against Islam and against democracy.”

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Abolhassan Banisadr, Iran’s first president after 1979 revolution, dies Source link Abolhassan Banisadr, Iran’s first president after 1979 revolution, dies

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