Migration is increasing around the world, and migrants are often the most vulnerable during active migration. During this time, they face many challenges to physical and mental health, especially food insecurity. Still, the prevalence and severity of food insecurity among migrants on the move is poorly documented, according to a new publication led by an epidemiologist at Columbia University’s School of Public Health.
According to a group of multinational authors from academic, UN, and community-based organizations, food security oversight is important to ensure the universal rights of migrants to food.Articles will be displayed in Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health..
Nevertheless Food insecurity Is widely recognized as both a driving force and a consequence of migration, and evidence that people have occurred “on the move” is largely anecdotal. Its prevalence and severity documents during these journeys are surprisingly lacking in scientific literature, and the corresponding lead author, Associate Professor of Epidemiology at Columbia Mailman School, Dr. Manuela Orjuela Grim, MD. Says he led the effort with co-lead authors Caroline Deshak, MPH, and Alondra Aragon Gama, MPH. “Investigation is needed to understand the unique challenges faced during the migration of migrants, including emergency situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic.”
In general, existing research on migrant food insecurity has focused on the period before and after the migration process, rather than the actual migration phase. A study that directly documented food insecurity among migrants on the move focuses on international migrants passing through Mexico to the United States. A study by Stoessle et al. Reported that 55 percent of these migrants experienced reduced food intake. Another more recent study by Aragon et al. Found that 74% of these individuals reported eating less than two meals a day, and 20% reported not eating more than two consecutive days. rice field.
One of the challenges for researchers is the lack of a standard definition of immigrants in active mobility. The new article proposes a definition of migrants with active mobility migrants who pass through areas that are neither origins nor destinations and have a temporary settlement period that is not longer than the period required to meet their basic needs. I am.
Lack of access to financial resources, employment, medical care and social networks during migration can all contribute to food insecurity. Meteorological conditions, geography, and transportation also play a role in overcrowding of boats in the Mediterranean, rainforest conditions in the Darien Gap, or isolation in the deserts of northern Mexico. Secret or irregular travel, the threat of organized or trivial crime, and the risk of trafficking, kidnapping, and sexual violence can exacerbate food insecurity. This article also focuses on the unique situation of active mobility that impedes the beneficial measurement of food security or access using standard means and existing tools.
Documenting food insecurity is important to communicate policies and strategies to promote universal rights to health and adequate living standards. To address the current knowledge gap, the author estimates the prevalence and extent of food insecurity during this unique transition period, establishing unified measures for assessing food insecurity on the move. We encourage interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary action, including these practices to do so. Then, applying the acquired knowledge, food access.
Globally, human mobility, especially forced displacement, is on the rise. In 2019, 272 million were international migrants and about 25.9 million were refugees. At the same time, an estimated 41.3 million people have been internally displaced due to natural disasters, conflicts or violence. This is the highest number recorded in history. Depending on the situation, migrants may spend a short or longer period of time moving between their place of origin and their intended destination.
Manuela Orjuela-Grimm et al, Immigrant Migration and Food (Un) Security: Call for Research, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health (2021). DOI: 10.1007 / s10903-021-01276-7
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