People infected with monkeypox may have passed the virus on to their dog, scientists recently reported.
This potential case of human-to-dog transmission marks the first time this has happened monkey pox Infection has been observed in a dog and is the first time an animal has been suspected of contracting monkeypox from an infected human.
“This is the first incident we are aware of that involves human-to-animal transmission,” said Rosamund Lewis, World Health Organization chief for monkeypox. said the Washington Post (opens in new tab) on Monday (15 August). “So this is new information on several levels. It’s not surprising information and it’s something we’ve been on the lookout for.”
It is important to note that at this time it is not known if an infected dog can pass monkeypox virus Back to the people, Lewis added. In a description of the first case of its kind, published August 10 in the journal The lancet (opens in new tab)the researchers called for “further investigation into secondary pet transmission,” meaning cases where an infected pet transmits the virus to other humans.
Related: Monkeypox can present with unusual symptoms, CDC warns
The latest case involved two men who were being examined at the Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris, France, in early June, according to The Lancet report. The men are not exclusive partners living in the same household. Both had evolved Symptoms of monkeypox – including skin rashesFatigue, headache, and fever – about six days after having sex with other people.
Since the beginning of the monkeypox epidemic, cases of infection have been heavily concentrated in men who have sex with men, but this trend does not suggest that the virus is spread solely through sexual activity or that men who have sex with men are particularly susceptible are the disease – they are not. Anyone, regardless of their sexual orientation or behavior, can contract and spread the virus.
Most commonly, monkeypox spreads from person to person through direct contact with an infected person’s rashes, scabs, or bodily fluids, including pus, mucus, and saliva, or with materials contaminated with their bodily fluids, such as clothing or bedding. This contact can occur during sex, but also during non-sexual close contact. The virus can also spread through respiratory droplets — that is, small droplets of saliva and mucus — that are expelled from the mouth; This transmission path is more likely with “longer” personal contact or intimate physical contact, such as. B. Kissing.
Twelve days after the two men contracted monkeypox, their 4-year-old Italian greyhound developed multiple lesions skin and mucous membranes, including large, pus-filled pimples on the abdomen and an ulceration on the anus. The dog then tested positive for monkeypox on a diagnostic test and genetic analysis revealed that the virus that infected one of the men was an exact match for the virus that infected the greyhound.
The patients said they let the dog sleep in their bed, but after their own monkeypox symptoms surfaced, they were careful not to let the greyhound interact with other people or other animals. The dog’s symptoms developed about 13 days after the men’s symptoms.
“To the best of our knowledge, the kinetics of onset of symptoms in both patients and subsequently in their dog suggest human-to-canine transmission of monkeypox virus,” the researchers wrote in their report.
On August 12th, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (opens in new tab) (CDC) updated its website to advise that dogs can be infected with monkeypox. The same pages list several other animals known to be susceptible to monkeypox, including prairie dogs, squirrels, marmots, chinchillas, opossums, hedgehogs, shrews, monkeys and monkeys. It’s also possible for certain mice and pets Rabbits can get the virus, but it’s unknown if cats can contract monkeypox, the CDC notes.
“People with monkeypox should avoid contact with animals, including domestic, pet and wild animals, to prevent the spread of the virus,” advises the CDC (opens in new tab).
If your pet is exposed to monkeypox:
- Don’t abandon, euthanize, or abandon pets simply because of possible exposure or infection.
- Do not wipe or bathe your pet with chemical sanitizers, alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or other products such as hand sanitizerCounter cleaning wipes or other industrial or surface cleaners.
- If the person with monkeypox did NOT have close contact with pets after the onset of symptoms, ask friends or family members who live in a separate household to care for the animal until the person with monkeypox has fully recovered.
- After the person with monkeypox recovers, disinfect your home before bringing back healthy animals.
For more information on caring for your pet for monkeypox, or what to do if your pet has been exposed to monkeypox or shows signs of infection, see Visit the CDC website (opens in new tab).
Originally published on Live Science.
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